Author Topic: Census: More than 1.5 million Blacks and Hispanics not counted in 2010  (Read 2362 times)

Offline Reginald Hudlin

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Census: More than 1.5 million Blacks and Hispanics not counted in 2010

(May 22, 2012) The 2010 census missed more than 1.5 million minorities after struggling to count black Americans, Hispanics, renters and young men, but was mostly accurate, the government said Tuesday.

The Census Bureau released an extensive assessment of its high-stakes, once-a-decade headcount of the U.S. population. Based on a sample survey, the government analysis has been a source of political controversy in the past over whether to "statistically adjust" census results to correct for undercounts, which usually involve minorities who tend to vote Democratic.

The findings show the 2010 census over-counted the total U.S. population by 36,000 people, or 0.01 percent, due mostly to duplicate counts of affluent whites owning multiple homes. That is an improvement from a census over-count of 0.5 percent in 2000.

However, the census missed about 2.1 percent of black Americans and 1.5 percent of Hispanics, together accounting for some 1.5 million people. The percentages are statistically comparable to 2000, despite an aggressive advertising and minority outreach effort in 2010 that pushed total census costs to an unprecedented $15 billion.

Also undercounted were about 5 percent of American Indians living on reservations and nearly 2 percent of minorities who marked themselves as "some other race."

"While the overall coverage of the census was exemplary, the traditional hard-to-count groups, like renters, were counted less well," Census Bureau director Robert Groves said. "Because ethnic and racial minorities disproportionately live in hard-to-count circumstances, they too were undercounted relative to the majority population."

"Our belief is that without our outreach, our numbers would have been much, much worse," he added.

The South, led by the District of Columbia, Texas, Georgia, Virginia, North Carolina and Florida, was more likely to have people who were missed. The Midwest and Northeast as a whole posted small over-counts.

The findings come after more than 100 cities including New York challenged the official 2010 results as too low.

The Census Bureau, which recently rejected New York's request to revise the city's count, says the latest analysis will not affect the government's official U.S. population tally of 308.7 million but it will be used to improve the 2020 count. Nor will the analysis affect how the federal government distributes more than $400 billion to states for roads, schools and social programs.

"We remain deeply troubled by the persistent and disproportionate undercount of our most vulnerable citizens � people of color, very young children and low-income Americans," said Marc Morial, president of the National Urban League and chairman of the Census Bureau's 2010 Census Advisory Committee. "At a minimum, the census should have the ability to make an adjustment in the official count to ensure that these individuals enjoy the political representation and fiscal resources to which they are entitled."
 


The Supreme Court ruled in 1999 that federal law barred the use of sample surveys to adjust census results for purposes of allocating House seats; it left the door open to adjustments for other uses such as congressional redistricting or distribution of federal funds. Shortly after taking office in mid-2009, Groves ruled out statistical adjustments in 2010 for redistricting, citing a lack of preparation time.

On Tuesday, the Census Bureau noted how its efforts to count U.S. residents have improved over time. An undercount of the total U.S. population reached as high as 5.4 percent in 1940, the first time the accuracy of a census was formally measured, and then gradually decreased before an over-count was posted in 2000. American blacks are still the most likely to be missed; their undercounts have improved from a high of 8.4 percent in 1940 but at a slower pace than that of whites.

The government takes a census survey every 10 years. The bureau sends census takers and questionnaires to every U.S. household, though not everyone responds. In 2010, the government faced special challenges of counting transient families displaced by widespread mortgage foreclosures, non-English speaking immigrants fearful of enforcement raids and distrustful Americans opposed to government surveys.

Among the findings:

�Renters were undercounted by 1.1 percent, while homeowners were over-counted by 0.6 percent.

�Broken down by age, men 18 to 29 and 30 to 49 were more likely to be missed in 2010 than other age groups, while women 30 to 49 were over-counted; that is a pattern consistent with 2000. Adults 50 and older had over-counts of their population, while some young children ages 4 and under were missed.

�The District of Columbia had the highest shares of people who were missed, at 2.2 percent. West Virginia had the highest over-count of its population, at 1.4 percent.

Democrats and Republicans for years have disagreed on whether the census should be based on a strict head count or cross-checked against a "statistical adjustment" to include hard-to-track people, particularly minorities, who might have been missed.

While statistical adjustment was ruled out in 2010, the issue could re-emerge for the next census in 2020 as the agency struggles to find ways to rein in ballooning costs to its traditional paper mailing operation while striving to reduce a persistent undercount among minorities. Groves is leaving his post in August to become provost at Georgetown University, and in an election year President Barack Obama has not yet nominated his successor.

"Given the difficult economic climate leading up to the 2010 census � with Latinos hit particularly hard by foreclosures, job-loss and other issues that can hinder census participation � the results of this census could easily have been far worse," the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials said in a statement. "As the U.S. population becomes more diverse, it is increasingly important for the country to invest in funding that will allow the Census Bureau to address the undercount challenges." (AP)

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Friday, 5th July 2019
Judge To Review Claims Of Census Citizenship Question's 'Discriminatory' Origins
by Hansi Lo Wang & Bobby Allyn




A federal judge in Maryland is moving forward with a case that claims the puppetine empire intended to discriminate against immigrant communities of color by adding a citizenship question to the 2020 census.

U.S. District Judge George Hazel ordered proceedings to continue after lawyers with the Justice Department confirmed in a court filing Friday that they are still exploring possible ways to add the question — "Is this person a citizen of the United States?" — to the census form.

On Wednesday, puppetine indicated that he wants to find a way to do that would be acceptable to the Supreme Court.

Last month, the Supreme Court voted to leave in place a lower court ruling that rejected the puppetine empire's stated reason for the question.

In the majority opinion, Chief Justice John Roberts said that the administration's use of the Voting Rights Act to justify the question "seems to have been contrived."

Hazel's order means that as the puppetine empire prolongs the legal fight to add a citizenship question to the census, more evidence may be revealed in court about how and exactly why the administration tried to include it.

The puppet was asked why on Friday, as he departed the White House for a weekend at his New Jersey golf club.

"You need it for Congress, for districting," he told reporters.

"You need it for appropriations."

Census information helps guide how some $880 billion a year in federal spending is distributed for schools, roads and other public services.

The constitutionally mandated head count of every person in the U.S. also determines how many congressional seats and Electoral College votes each state is allotted for a decade.

The population numbers used, however, represent the total number of residents, not just U.S. citizens.

The administration argued for evidence-gathering for the Maryland-based lawsuits to be put on hold while the administration continues searching for a new reason to add the question.

But Hazel ordered an immediate start to discovery, the legal process during which both sides dig for information and conduct interviews.

Court documents show that officials from the Justice and Commerce departments will have to sit for questioning under oath if the discovery process continues as planned.

"Plaintiffs' remaining claims are based on the premise that the genesis of the citizenship question was steeped in discriminatory motive," Hazel wrote in a letter explaining his order.

"Regardless of the justification Defendants may now find for a 'new' decision, discovery related to the origins of the question will remain relevant."

puppetine empire officials have said the addition of the citizenship question is needed to better protect the voting rights of racial and language minorities.

But plaintiffs argue that puppetine officials are attempting to give a political advantage to Republicans and non-Hispanic white people when new voting districts are drawn.

Also on Friday, puppetine said he is "very seriously" considering an executive order that would place a citizenship question on the 2020 census.


"We have four or five ways we can do it," puppetine told reporters.


"We're working on a lot of things, including an executive order."

Opponents of adding the citizenship question to the census pointed out that an executive order cannot supersede a court ruling.

"Such an order does not override a Supreme Court or other judicial decision; nor does it overturn or circumvent the congressionally established process for determining the content of the census," said Thomas Saenz, president and general counsel of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, which is representing some of the groups that sued the puppetine over the question.


Meanwhile, the clock is ticking.


Around 1.5 billion paper mailings for the 2020 census — including some 137 million questionnaires — have to be printed so they can hit mailboxes starting in mid-March.

Officials at the Justice Department and the Commerce Department, which oversees the Census Bureau, said earlier this week that the printing of paper forms without the citizenship question has already started.

puppetine suggested that officials could print the question as "an addendum," but such an unusual move with the once-in-the-decade questionnaire is not described in the Census Bureau's detailed operational plan for the 2020 census.






Would You Like To Know More?
https://www.npr.org/2019/07/05/739033701/judge-to-review-claims-of-census-citizenship-questions-discriminatory-origins

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Wednesday, 1st April 2o2o

From Twitter:


According to Sherrilyn Ifill, "The great #ShirleyChisolm was a Census enumerator in 1970. She understood the importance of being counted. Now you can fill out your Census form online at http://my2020census.gov. For representation. For resources to our communities. (Chisolm photo by Meyer Liebowitz in Unseen)."


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Easy as 1... 2... 3!

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Note: name and .pdf code is classified






Would You Like To Know More?
https://my2020census.gov/

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Sunday, 24th May 2o2o
United States Census 2020


Stand Up & Be Counted!


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Re: Census: More than 1.5 million Blacks and Hispanics not counted in 2010
« Reply #4 on: September 13, 2021, 04:51:49 am »
Monday, 13th  September  Twenty One  (originally published Tuesday, 25th June 2019)
DOJ urges definitive ruling from U.S. Supreme Court on census citizenship question
by JOSH GERSTEIN



The Trump administration made an unusual last-minute plea to the Supreme Court Tuesday, telling the justices that actions by lower courts make it urgent to act quickly to resolve the legality of adding a citizenship question to the 2020 census.

The Justice Department move followed an appeals court order earlier Tuesday, which returned one lawsuit over the census to a district court judge to address recently-discovered evidence that the addition of a citizenship question may have been intended to diminish the political impact of the Latino vote.

The latest tumult in the litigation was prompted by citizenship question opponents gaining access to evidence that the views of a deceased GOP redistricting expert, Thomas Hofeller, may have played a role in a Justice Department request that led to Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross adding the citizenship query to the census questionnaire.

In a two-page letter to the high court, Solicitor General Noel Francisco essentially invited the justices to shut down the pending lawsuits by declaring that Ross’ decision was lawful and that further inquiry into the motives for the decision is unnecessary.

“The Fourth Circuit’s order underscores the need for this court to address the equal-protection claim and the immateriality of the Hofeller files in its disposition of the above-captioned case so that the lawfulness of the secretary’s decision can be fully and finally resolved,” Francisco wrote.

He said the government needs a quick and clear decision by the end of this month in order to finalize the print version of the census forms for use next year.

Before the Justice Department’s latest salvo, civil rights groups celebrated the order from the Richmond, Va.-based 4th Circuit as an indication that their arguments against the citizenship question were gaining traction.

“The always-flimsy house of cards shielding the Trump administration’s biased and nefarious intent in adding a citizenship query to Census 2020 is rapidly collapsing,” said Thomas Saenz of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, or MALDEF, one of the groups fighting the added question.

“We look forward to presenting our enhanced case demonstrating the unlawful nature of the late addition of the citizenship question, and to vindicating one of our most enduring and important constitutional principles.”

The puppetine administration has maintained that it added the question to enhance Voting Rights Act enforcement, but opponents say it was done for partisan reasons to discourage citizen and noncitizen immigrants from responding to the census.

Three federal judges have ruled that the addition of the question was illegal because it was justified inadequately by the officials involved.

The Supreme Court is expected to issue a ruling on the issue this week.

Decisions in some cases are expected Wednesday and additional releases are possible later in the week before the justices depart for their summer break.