Author Topic: Black Harvard graduates have the same shot at a job call-back as white state...  (Read 1846 times)

Offline imchills

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Racism is so pervasive in the US job market that even black Americans with Harvard degrees are at a disadvantage, according a 2014 study in the journal Social Forces (highlighted in Inside Higher Ed).

Using carefully designed test resumes submitted for job openings, the researchers found that black graduates of elite universities such as Harvard, Stanford, and Duke were as likely to get responses from employers than white graduates of much less prestigious state colleges, such as University of California, Riverside, the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and University of North Carolina, Greensboro.

For both the races tested, there was a difference of about 6 percentage points between the response rates for graduates of state schools and those of elite schools. But that gap widens to 11 percentage points when you compare white elite college graduates to black graduates from the state schools. And it narrows to just 1.5 percentage points, within the margin of error, between white state school graduates and black graduates of prestigious schools.

University of Michigan sociologist S. Michael Gaddis, who conducted the study, expected a gap between elite and state colleges, he tells Quartz, and he expected a gap between black and white applicants overall. He did not expect, however, to see that even among elite schools’ graduates, there was a big gap between whites and blacks.

“If we really think that education is the great equalizer, then someone who reaches the pinnacle of that system…should be rewarded pretty equally,” Gaddis says. “I would have been surprised, to be honest with you, to see no gap at all. But to see that the gap for Harvard and the other elite applicants was basically the same was very discouraging.”

The jobs had starting salaries ranging from about $31,000 to $38,000, and the salary data also skewed lower for black candidates. They received responses from jobs with a listed salary of $3,071 less than the jobs that reached out to white applicants, according to the study.

Gaddis discovered these inequalities by sending almost identical resumes and cover letters to 1,008 employers. The imaginary candidates either majored in business or psychology, and they had comparable grades, job experience, and campus involvement.
The only differences were their names—meant to signal race to the employers—and the colleges they had attended. The white applicants were Caleb, Charlie, Ronny, Aubrey, Erica, and Lesly. The black applicants were Jalen, Lamar, DaQuan, Nia, Ebony, and Shanice. (The names he chose reflected statistically common names of children born to women of each race in New York, of varying levels of education.)

There are some drawbacks to this methodology, Gaddis says. It’s unclear how many of these applicants actually would have received job offers, as it would be unethical and practically difficult to actually have the fictional candidates do interviews.
And many Americans do not have racially identifying names. It’s unclear how these biases would play out if a black applicant named “Mark Washington” applied for a job, then went in for an in-person interview.

The state of the labor market may also play a role in the results. Gaddis conducted this study in 2011, when the recession had a chokehold on the US economy and employers weren’t thinking as much about diversity, he says. He wants to replicate the study next year under better economic conditions, when hiring managers are able to prioritize finding candidates that are both qualified and diverse.

A study released last year found that black men who signaled on their resumes that they were gay (an affiliation with an LGBT group, for example) might overcome anti-black job market bias, thanks to this very twisted logic:
tereotypes of black men being “more aggressive”—which negatively impacted applicants’ chances—were effectively cancelled out by “the feminine stereotype” of gay men.”

The findings indicate, Gaddis says, that as well as company diversity policies, hiring managers should recognize their own unconscious biases—and try to overcome them.

Offline Battle

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Wednesday, 31th March Twenty One
Harvard Had a Domestic Terrorist Group Known as the kkk Chapter on Its Campus
by Terrell Jermaine Starr

Anytime someone tells you that the East Coast has been a liberal bastion of racial progress they should be reminded that

a) that simply isn’t true, and

b) there are plenty of examples to prove that such thinking is demonstratively false.

Enter an enterprising reporter at Harvard University’s student newspaper The Harvard Crimson, who found a 1924 photo of domestic terrorist known as a Klansmen casually chillin’ around and on the John Harvard statue on the school’s campus.

Simon J. Levien found the photo last spring, setting off a year of research that produced a 4,500-word feature that was published last week.

The photo, labeled: “Harvard Klass Kow & Klans — students having fun.” was just the beginning of his research into Harvard’s attempts at reconciling its racist past.

Levien spent hours in Harvard’s archives and the student newspaper and spoke with professors, administrators and alumni who attended Harvard 65 years ago, according to an interview he did with The Washington Post.

The most detailed account of the racist climate on campus comes from a Black student named J. Max Bond Jr., who arrived at Harvard as a 16-year-old freshman and graduated in 1955.

He was one of the few Black students at the time.

His freshman year, in the spring semester, two other freshman students lit a wooden cross aflame facing the corner where Black students were living.

Here is Bond’s account of the cross burning and his time at Harvard, per Levien’s reporting:

“Some of the onlookers cheered when, after ten minutes, the cross was knocked down,” Bond and his Black classmate wrote in a letter to The Crimson at the time. “But we are sorry to say that others expressed indignation at its destruction. Minutes later a Negro student passing thru the Yard was hailed with remarks such as might be expected in the Klan-dominated States of the South.”

Save a few miscellaneous Crimson articles, Bond’s memory of the incident is the strongest account of the Harvard Yard cross burning, which nearly every biography of Bond’s — he became a well-known architect — invariably notes as formative in his college years.

“I saw the flames,” Bond told The Crimson a few weeks after the incident. “I didn’t think of the Klan right off the bat. When I did realize what it was, I was shocked and I didn’t know what to do.”

Several Harvard deans publicly condemned the cross burning. Three progressive student organizations circulated a petition, garnering several hundred signatures, to have the perpetrators punished.

Post-Harvard, Bond became one of a few prominent Black architects in the 20th century. After his death in 2009, his widow, Jean Carey Bond, released an 11-page retelling of his life.

In it, Jean reveals that the University threatened Bond or any Black student with suspension should they go to the media with the cross burning. Bond, who graduated Phi Beta Kappa and finished undergrad in three years, was never suspended.

Meanwhile, the two freshman perpetrators were handed temporary probation by the Administrative Board.

With the exception of a few administrators and faculty, the racist students were considered “pranksters.”

Imagine experiencing this as a 16-year-old kid.

The domestic terrorist group known as the kkk was fairly active, though its members were not public with their associations with the hate group, according to Levien’s piece.

Their activities were so well-known that the NAACP pushed the university to condemn the group’s activities but got no response.

W.E.B. Du Bois, the first Black person to earn a Harvard doctorate condemned then-Harvard President A. Lawrence Lowell for doing nothing to stop the domestic terrorist group known as the kkk’s activities on campus.

When Lowell attempted to expel Black students from Harvard dorms, Du Bois wrote in Crisis Magazine that Lowell was “an ally to violent Southern vigilantes.”

The NAACP agreed, putting out an official statement that Lowell was “putting into effect the program proclaimed by the domestic terrorist group known as the ku klux klan,” per Levien’s reporting.

This isn’t the first time someone wrote about the domestic terrorist group known as the kkk’s presence at Harvard.

Lauren E. Baer wrote a piece in the Crimson Magazine in 2002, that dove into its presence.

Her piece did not generate much traction, according to Levien’s feature.

Levien said he and the professors who helped him research the feature were disappointed that the university has not truly reckoned with its racist, terrorist legacy.

Moreover, finding the evidence wasn’t difficult.