Author Topic: Ourstory  (Read 23673 times)

Offline True Father Sankofa

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Ourstory
« on: August 27, 2011, 05:38:50 am »
8/27

WEB du Bois, Alice Coltrane and Robert Lee Vann
http://on.fb.me/oB5tTt
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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Re: Ourstory
« Reply #1 on: August 28, 2011, 06:03:10 pm »
Today in Ourstory 8/28

1818 - Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, trader and founder of
Chicago, joins the ancestors.

1921 - Second Pan-African Congress meets in London, Brussels and
Paris, from August 28 to September 6. Of the 113
delegates, 39 are from Africa and 36 were from the United
States.

1949 - Paul Robeson's scheduled singing appearance at the
Lakeland picnic grounds near Peekskill in Westchester
County, New York, is disrupted by a riot instigated and
provoked by whites angry at Robeson's political stands.

1945 - Brooklyn Dodgers' owner Branch Rickey and future baseball
great Jackie Robinson meet. They will discuss the
difficulties Robinson, an African American athlete, would
face in major-league baseball. Robinson will receive
$600 a month and a $3,500 signing bonus to play for
Montreal of the International League. He would quickly
move up and enjoy a brilliant career with the Brooklyn
Dodgers.

1955 - Fourteen-year-old Chicago youngster Emmett Till is
kidnapped in Money, Mississippi. Four days later he is
found brutally mutilated and murdered, allegedly for
whistling at a white woman. Two whites will be acquitted
of the crime by an all-white jury. The incident will
receive national publicity and highlight racism and
brutality toward African Americans. This incident is
chronicled on tape # 1 in the "Eyes on the Prize" series.

1962 - Seventy-five ministers and laymen--African American and
whites--primarily from the North, are arrested after
prayer demonstration in downtown Albany, Georgia.

1963 - Over 250,000 African-Americans and whites converge on the
Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington, the
largest single protest demonstration in United States
history. The march, organized to support sweeping civil
rights measures, will also be the occasion of Martin
Luther King, Jr.'s most famous speech, "I have a Dream."

1964 - A racially motivated civil disobedience riot occurs in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1966 - The National Guard is mobilized to protect Milwaukee,
Wisconsin marchers protesting a judge's membership in
lily-white club.

1968 - Rev. Channing E. Philips of Washington, DC, becomes the
first African American to have his/her name placed in
nomination for president by a major national party.
Philips' name is placed in nomination as the favorite
son candidate by the District of Columbia delegation at
the Democratic convention in Chicago and will receive 67
1/2 votes.

1984 - The Jacksons' Victory Tour broke the record for concert
ticket sales. The group surpasses the 1.1 million mark
in only two months.

1988 - Beah Richards wins an Emmy for outstanding guest
performance in the comedy series "Frank's Place." It is
one of the many acting distinctions for the Vicksburg,
Mississippi native, including her Academy Award
nomination for best supporting actress in "Guess Who's
Coming to Dinner."
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline Reginald Hudlin

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Re: Ourstory
« Reply #2 on: August 28, 2011, 09:06:18 pm »
Loving these new sections, TF7!

Offline True Father Sankofa

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8/29
« Reply #3 on: August 29, 2011, 01:58:03 pm »
1917 - Eloise Gwendolyn Sanford is born in New York City. She
       will become an actress better known as Isabel Sanford and
       will star as Louise on the long-running sitcom "The
       Jeffersons", "All in the Family", and will star in many
       movies including "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner", "Original
       Gangstas", "South Beach", "Love at First Bite", "The
       Photographer", "The New Centurions", "Pendulum", and
       "Buffalo Soldiers". She will be the first African American
       actress to win a Lead Actress Emmy (for Outstanding Lead
       Actress in a Comedy Series in 1981), and will receive a
       star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. She will join the
       ancestors on July 9, 2004, succumbing to cardiac arrest
       and heart disease at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los
       Angeles at the age of 86.
 
1920 - Charlie "Bird" (Charles Christopher) Parker is born in
       Kansas City, Kansas.  The jazz saxophonist will become one
       of the leaders of the bebop movement and be noted for his
       works "Ko Ko" and "In the Still of the Night," among
       others. He will receive numerous awards from Downbeat
       magazine and have the famous jazz club, Birdland, in New
       York City named in his honor. He will be commonly
       considered one of the greatest jazz musicians, ranked with
       such players as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington. Jazz
       critic Scott Yanow speaks for many jazz fans and musicians
       when he states that "Parker was arguably the greatest
       saxophonist of all time." A founding father of bebop, his
       innovative approaches to melody, rhythm, and harmony were
       enormously influential on his contemporaries, and his
       music remains an inspiration and resource for musicians in
       jazz as well as in other genres. Several of Parker's songs
       have become standards, such as "Billie's Bounce,"
       "Anthropology," "Ornithology," and "Confirmation". He will
       join the ancestors on March 12, 1955.
 
1924 - Ruth Lee Jones is born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. She will be
       better known as "Dinah Washington." She will perform with
       Lionel Hampton from 1943 to 1946 and become one of the
       most popular Rhythm & Blues singers of the 1950's and
       early 1960's. Her family will move to Chicago while she
       is still a child. As a child in Chicago she will play
       piano and direct her church choir. She will later study
       in Walter Dyett's renowned music program at DuSable High
       School. There will be a period when she both performed in
       clubs as Dinah Washington, while singing and playing piano
       in Sallie Martin's gospel choir as Ruth Jones. Her
       penetrating voice, excellent timing, and crystal-clear
       enunciation added her own distinctive style to every piece
       she undertook. While making extraordinary recordings in
       jazz, blues, R&B and light pop contexts, she will refuse
       to record gospel music despite her obvious talent in
       singing it. She believed it wrong to mix the secular and
       spiritual, and after she enters the non-religious
       professional music world, she will refuse to include
       gospel in her repertoire. She will begin performing in
       1942 and soon join Lionel Hampton's band. There is some
       dispute about the origin of her name. Some sources say
       the manager of the Garrick Stage Bar gave her the name
       Dinah Washington, while others say Hampton selected it.
       In 1943, she will begin recording for Keynote Records and
       release "Evil Gal Blues", her first hit. By 1955, she will
       release numerous hit songs on the R&B charts, including
       "Baby, Get Lost", "Trouble in Mind", "You Don't Know What
       Love Is" (arranged by Quincy Jones), and a cover of "Cold,
       Cold Heart" by Hank Williams. In March of 1957, she
       marry tenor saxophonist Eddie Chamblee, (formerly on tour
       with Lionel Hampton) who led the band behind her. In 1958,
       she will make a well-received appearance at the Newport
       Jazz Festival. With "What a Diff'rence a Day Makes" in
       1959, she will win a Grammy Award for Best Rhythm and
       Blues Performance. The song will be her biggest hit,
       reaching #8 on the Billboard Hot 100. She will join the
       ancestors on December 13, 1963.
 
1945 - Wyomia Tyus, Olympic runner, who will become the first
       woman sprinter to win consecutive Olympic gold medals in
       the 100 meters (three total), is born in Griffin, Georgia.
       She will also become a 10-time AAU National Champion and
       an All-American Athlete in both the indoor and outdoor
       competition.  Tyus will compete in amateur and
       professional track and field meets from 1960 - 1975.  In
       addition to her athletic achievements, Tyus will hold a
       special place in Olympic history.  At the XXIIIrd Olympic
       Games in Los Angeles, Tyus will become the first woman
       ever, in the history of the Olympic Games, to bear the
       Olympic Flag.
 
1946 - Robert "Bob" Beamon is born in Jamaica, New York.  He
       will become a star in track and field, He will specialize
       in the long jump and will win the 1968 Olympic gold medal
       in the long jump and set the world record of 29 feet, 2
       1/2 inches. His record will stand for twenty three years
       until it is broken by Mike Powell at the World
       Championships in Tokyo in 1991. His jump is still the
       Olympic record to date.
 
1957 - The Civil Rights Act of 1957 is passed by Congress. It is
       the first civil rights legislation since 1875.  The bill
       establishes a civil rights commission and a civil rights
       division in the Justice Department. It also gave the
       Justice Department authority to seek injunctions against
       voting rights infractions.
 
1958 - Michael Joseph Jackson is born in Gary, Indiana.  First
       with the family group the Jackson Five and later as a
       solo artist, Jackson will be one of pop and Rhythm &
       Blues' foremost stars.  His solo album "Off the Wall"
       (1979) will sell 7 million copies worldwide, surpassed
       only by "Thriller", his largest-selling album (also the
       biggest selling album of all time). He will be commonly
       known as "MJ" as well as the "King of Pop". His successful
       career and controversial personal life will be a part of
       pop culture for at least  40 years. He will be widely
       regarded as one of the greatest entertainers and most
       popular recording artists in history, displaying
       complicated physical techniques, such as the robot and the
       moonwalk, that have redefined mainstream dance and
       entertainment. His achievements in the music industry will
       include a revolutionary transformation of music videos,
       establishing high-profile album releases and sales as a
       new trend for record companies to generate profits,
       dominating pop music during the 1980s, and becoming the
       first Black entertainer to amass a strong following on MTV
       while leading the relatively young channel out of
       obscurity. His distinctive style, moves, and vocals will
       inspire, influence, and spawn a whole generation of hip
       hop, pop, and Rhythm & Blues artists. He will join the
       ancestors on June 25, 2009.
 
1962 - Mal Goode becomes the first African American television
       news commentator when he begins broadcasting on ABC.
 
1962 - Carl E. Banks, Jr. is born in Flint, Michigan. He will
       become a star NFL linebacker with the New York Giants. He
       will play for three teams from 1984 to 1995, the New York
       Giants, the Washington Redskins and the Cleveland Browns.
       He will make the Pro Bowl in 1987, have 39.5 career
       quarterback sacks, and be a member of the NFL's 1980's
       All-Decade Team. He will attend Michigan State University
       and be the 3rd overall pick in the 1984 NFL draft. He will
       be a member of the Giants teams that win Super Bowls XXI
       and XXV. Banks will be a standout in their Super Bowl XXI
       victory in which he records 14 total tackles, including 10
       solo tackles.
 
1970 - Black Panthers confront the police in Philadelphia,
       Pennsylvania. One policeman is killed and six are wounded
       in a racial confrontation.
 
1971 - Hank Aaron becomes the first baseball player in the
       National League to drive in 100 or more runs in each of
       11 seasons.
 
1977 - St. Louis Cardinal Lou Brock eclipses Ty Cobb's 49-year-
       old career stolen base record at 893.
 
1979 - The first completely Black-owned radio network in the
       world, "Mutual Black Network" is purchased by the
       Sheridan Broadcasting Corporation.
 
1984 - Edwin Moses wins the 400-meter hurdles in track competition
       in Europe. It is the track star's 108th consecutive
       victory. 2009 – DJ Unk was rushed to the hospital today in 2009, after having trouble breathing. Doctors examined him and told the Atlanta rapper that he’d suffered a mild heart attack. He was only 26 years old.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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Re: Ourstory
« Reply #4 on: August 29, 2011, 01:58:49 pm »
Loving these new sections, TF7!
glad to hear it brother
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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8/30
« Reply #5 on: August 30, 2011, 05:28:34 pm »
1800 - Jack Bowler and Coachman Gabriel Prosser's plans for a
       slave revolt in Richmond, Virginia, are betrayed by a
       pair of house slaves attempting to save their master.
       Prosser's plan, which involved over 1,100 slaves, would
       have resulted in the death of all slave-owning whites,
       but would have spared Quakers, Frenchmen, elderly women,
       and children.

1838 - The first African American magazine "Mirror of Freedom",
       begins publication in New York City by abolitionist
       David Ruggles.

1843 - The Liberty Party has the first African American
       participation in a national political convention.
       Samuel R. Ward leads the convention in prayer -- Henry
       Highland Garnet, a twenty-seven-year-old Presbyterian
       pastor who calls for a slave revolt and a general slave
       strike.  Amos G. Beman of New Haven, Connecticut is
       elected president of the convention.

1856 - Wilberforce University is established in Xenia, Ohio under
       the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal Church.  In 1863,
       the university was transferred to the African Methodist
       Episcopal (AME) Church.

1861 - General John C. Fremont issues an order confiscating the
       property of Confederates and emancipating their slaves.
       The order causes wide-spread protest and is revoked by
       President Lincoln.

1892 - S. R. Scottron patents a curtain rod.

1901 - Roy Wilkins is born in St. Louis, Missouri. He will become
       a civil rights leader, assistant executive secretary of
       the NAACP under Walter White and editor of the Crisis
       Magazine for 15 years.  He will become Executive Secretary
       of the NAACP in 1955, a post he will hold for 22 years.
       During his tenure, he will be a champion of civil rights
       committed to using constitutional arguments to help obtain
       full citizenship rights for all African Americans.

1931 - Carrie Saxon Perry is born in Hartford, Connecticut. In
       1987, she will be elected mayor of Hartford, becoming the
       first African American mayor of a major eastern United
       States city.



1956 - A white mob prevents the enrollment of blacks at Mansfield
       High School in Texas.

1961 - James Benton Parsons is confirmed as the first African
       American judge of a United States District Court in the
       continental United States (Northern Illinois).  He had
       been appointed by President John F. Kennedy on April 18,
       1961.

1967 - Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first African
       American justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.  He had been
       appointed by President Lyndon Johnson on June 13, 1967.

1969 - Racially motivated civil disturbances occur in Fort
       Lauderdale, Florida.

1983 - Lt. Colonel Guion S. Bluford is the first African American
       in space when he serves as a mission specialist on the
       Challenger space shuttle. The space shuttle, launched
       from Kennedy Space Center in Florida, stayed in orbit
       almost six days.  This was the Challenger's third flight
       into space.

2005 – Lena Baker who faced death by electrocution in GA had her case reviewed 60 years after her conviction
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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8/31
« Reply #6 on: August 31, 2011, 11:50:50 am »
1935 - Eldridge Cleaver is born in Wabaseka, Arkansas. He will join
       the Black Panther Party in 1967, becoming its Minister of
       Information and putting together The Black Panther
       newspaper. He will be the 1968 Presidential candidate for
       the Peace and Freedom Party. He and another Panther member,
       will be assaulted by police in 1968 (Cleaver is arrested).
       He and Kathleen Cleaver, his wife and a Panther leader in
       her own right, flee the country, eventually founding the
       Panther's international branch in Algeria before moving to
       France. Cleaver split from the Party in 1971, forming his
       own version of the organization with several Party chapters
       switching from Bobby Seale to him. Cleaver will return to
       the United States in the late 1970's as a born-again
       Christian and a republican. He will spend his later years
       as a conservative idealist concerned with the environment,
       and will join the ancestors on May 1, 1998 at the age of
       62.

1935 - Frank Robinson is born in Beaufort, Texas.  He will become
       a professional baseball player and will become Most
       Valuable Player in the National League in 1961 and Most
       Valuable Player in the American League in 1966.  Later, he
       will become the first African American manager in major
       league baseball.

1936 - Marva Collins is born in Monroeville, Alabama. She will
       become an innovative educator who uses her pension funds
       to open Westside Preparatory School in Chicago, dedicated
       to reverse the educational decline in the city's African
       American neighborhoods.  Collins' motto for the school is
       "entrance to learn, exit to serve."

1943 - The USS Harmon, a destroyer escort, is launched.  It is
       named after Mess Attendant 1st Class Leonard H. Harmon, a
       1942 Navy Cross recipient.  It is the first United States
       warship named for an African American.

1958 -  Edwin Corley Moses,  track star (hurdler, Olympic-gold-
       1984), is born in Dayton, Ohio.  He will be referred to as
       "the greatest hurdler in the history of track and field"
       for his 122 consecutive wins in the 400 meter hurdles
       (spanned eleven years and 22 countries).

1962 - Joint independence is granted to Trinidad and Tobago by
       Great Britain.

1983 - Brigadier General Hazel W. Johnson retires from the Army
       Nurse Corps.  She is the first African American woman to
       achieve the rank of Brigadier General and the first
       African American to be chief of the Army Nurse Corps.

1983 - Edwin Moses of the United States sets the 400 meter hurdle
       record (47.02) in Koblenz, Germany.

1984 - Pinklin Thomas defeats Tim Witherspoon for the WBC
       heavyweight boxing title.

1990 - Nat (Sweetwater) Clifton, former New York Knickerbocker
       star, joins the ancestors after succumbing to a heart
       attack at the age of 65.

1991 - KQEC-TV of San Francisco begins broadcasting under new
       owners, the Minority Television Project.  It is the
       second minority-owned public television station.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline Magic Wand

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Re: Ourstory
« Reply #7 on: August 31, 2011, 12:25:53 pm »
EXCELLENT, True!  Keep these coming!  Luv'em!!
"It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it." --Aristotle, Greek philosopher

Доверяй, но проверяй

Offline True Father Sankofa

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Re: Ourstory
« Reply #8 on: September 01, 2011, 11:36:33 am »
Ourstory 9/1 Heroes Day in Tanzania
1867 - Robert T. Freeman becomes the first African American
       to graduate from Harvard Dental School.

1875 - White Democrats attacked Republicans at Yazoo City,
       Mississippi. One white and three African-Americans were
       killed.

1904 – George Coleman became the first African American to win an Olympic Medal in Modern Olympics
1912 - Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, English-born composer of Hiawatha's
       Wedding Feast and professor of music at Trinity College of
       Music in London, joins the ancestors in Croyden, England.
       Coleridge-Taylor was the most important Black composer of
       his day and toured the United States three times, where he
       played with Will Marion Cook, Clarence Cameron White, and
       collaborated with Paul Laurence Dunbar in setting several
       of his poems to music.

1925 - Rosa Cuthbert (later Guy) is born in Trinidad. She will leave
       Trinidad with her parents for America in 1932. During World
       War II she will join the American Negro Theatre. She will
       study theatre and writing at the University of New York. Most
       of her books are about the dependability of family members
       that care and love each other. She will be one of the founders
       of The Harlem Writers guild (1950). Her works will include: "Bird
       at My Window" (1966), "Children of Longing" (1971), "The Friends"
       (1973), "Ruby" (1976), "Edith Jackson" (1978), "The Disappearance"
       (1979), "Mirror of Her Own" (1981), "A Measure of Time (1983),
       and "New Guys Around the Block" (1983), "Paris, Pee Wee and Big
       Dog (1984), "My Love, My Love, or the Peasant Girl" (1985), and
       "I Heard a Bird Sing" (1987).

1937 - Ron O'Neal is born in Utica, New York.  He will become an
       actor and will star in movies during the 1970's and be
       best known for his role in "Superfly."

1948 - William T. Coleman is appointed by Justice Frankfurter as a
       clerk to the U.S. Supreme Court, the first African
       American to hold the position.  A Harvard Law School
       graduate and Army Air Corps veteran, Coleman will again
       enter public service, first as president of the NAACP
       Legal Defense and Education Fund and, in 1975, as
       Secretary of Transportation under President Gerald Ford.

1970 - Dr. Hugh S. Scott of Washington, DC, becomes the first
       African American superintendent of schools in a major US.
       city.

1971 - The Pittsburgh Pirates field an all African American team
       in a baseball game against the Philadelphia Phillies.

1973 - George Foreman knocks out Jose Roman in the first round to
       retain his heavyweight title.

1975 - General Daniel ("Chappie") James Jr. is promoted to the
       rank of four-star general and named commander-in-chief of
       the North American Air Defense Command.  He is the first
       African American to achieve this rank.

1977 - Ethel Waters, singer and actress, joins the ancestors in
       Chatsworth, California at the age of 80.  She was the
       first African American entertainer to move from vaudeville
       to 'white' entertainment.  She starred in many movies such
       as "Something Special" (1971), "Carib Gold" (1955), "The
       Member of the Wedding" (1952), "Pinky" (1949), "Cabin in
       the Sky" (1943), "Cairo" (1942), "Tales of Manhattan"
       (1942), "Black Musical Featurettes, V. 1" (1929),  Short
       Subjects V. 1" (1929),  and "On With the Show" (1929).
       She also was in the first network show to feature an
       African American actress as the star (The Beulah Show-
       1950).

1979 - Hazel W. Johnson becomes the first African American woman
       to attain general officer rank in American military
       history. Under her tenure as Chief, the Army Nurse Corps
       continued to improve standards of education and training.
       The Army Nurse Corps Standards of Nursing Practice were
       published as an official Department of the Army Pamphlet
       (DA PAM 40-5). She received the Distinguished Service
       Medal, Legion Of Merit, Meritorious Service Medal, and
       the Army Commendation Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster among
       her awards and honors.


EXCELLENT, True!  Keep these coming!  Luv'em!!
fa sho
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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9/3
« Reply #9 on: September 03, 2011, 04:14:54 pm »
1783 - Richard Allen, founder of the African Methodist Episcopal
       Church, purchases his freedom with his earnings as a
       self-employed teamster.

1838 - Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, disguised as a
       sailor, escapes from slavery in Baltimore, Maryland to
       New Bedford, Massachusetts via New York City.  He will
       take the name Douglass, after the hero of Sir Walter
       Scott's poem "Lady of the Lake".

1865 - The Union Army commander in South Carolina orders the
       Freedmen's Bureau personnel to stop seizing land.

1868 - Henry McNeal Turner delivers a speech before the Georgia
       legislature defending African Americans' rights to hold
       state office.  The lower house of the Georgia
       legislature, rules that African Americans were ineligible
       to hold office, and expels twenty-eight representatives.
       Ten days later the senate expels three African Americans.
       Congress will refuse to re-admit the state to the Union
       until the legislature seats the African American
       representatives.

1891 - John Stephens Durham, assistant editor of the Philadelphia
       Evening Bulletin, is named minister to Haiti.

1891 - Cotton pickers organize a union and stage a strike for
       higher wages in Texas.

1895 - Charles Houston is born in Washington, DC. He will graduate
       as valedictorian from Amherst College and be elected to
       the Phi Beta Kappa honor society in 1915. He will return
       to DC to teach at Howard University. During World War I,
       He will join the then racially segregated U. S. Army as an
       officer and be sent to France. He will return to the U.S.
       in 1919, and begin attending Harvard Law School. He will
       become a member of the Harvard Law Review and graduate cum
       laude. He will become known as "The Man Who Killed Jim
       Crow," playing a role in nearly every civil rights case
       before the Supreme Court between 1930 and Brown v. Board of
       Education (1954). Houston's plan to attack and defeat Jim
       Crow segregation by demonstrating the inequality in the
       "separate but equal" doctrine from the Supreme Court's
       Plessy v. Ferguson decision as it pertained to public
       education in the United States was the master stroke that
       brought about the landmark Brown decision. As the NAACP
       Litigation Director, he trained future Supreme Court
       Justice Thurgood Marshall. He will join the ancestors on
       April 22, 1950.

1910 - Dorothy Leigh Mainor (later Maynor) is born in Norfolk,
       Virginia.  She will become a reknown soprano and will sing
       with all of the major American and European orchestras.
       She will found the Harlem School of the Arts in 1963, after
       ending her performing career. She will retire as executive
       director of the school in 1979. She will join the ancestors
       on February 19, 1996 in West Chester, Pennsylvania.

1918 - Five African American soldiers are hanged for their alleged
       participation in the Houston riot of 1917.

1919 - The Lincoln Motion Picture Company, owned by African
       Americans Noble Johnson and Clarence Brooks, releases its
       first feature-length film, "A Man's Duty".

1970 - Representatives from 27 African nations, Caribbean nations,
       four South American countries, Australia, and the United
       States meet in Atlanta, Georgia, for the first Congress of
       African People.

1984 - A new South African constitution comes into effect, setting
       up a three-chamber, racially divided parliament -  White,
       Indian and Colored (mixed race) people.

1990 - Jonathan A. Rodgers becomes president of CBS's Television
       Stations Division, the highest-ranking African American to
       date in network television.  Rodgers had been general
       manager of WBBM-TV, CBS's Chicago station.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

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9/4
« Reply #10 on: September 04, 2011, 09:13:48 am »
1781 - California's second pueblo near San Gabriel, Nuestra Senora
       la Reina de Los Angeles de Porciuncula (Los Angeles,
       California) is founded by forty-four settlers, of whom at
       least twenty-six were descendants of Africans.  Among the
       settlers of African descent, according to H.H. Bancroft's
       authoritative "History of California," were "Joseph Moreno,
       Mulatto, 22 years old, wife a Mulattress, five children;
       Manuel Cameron, Mulatto, 30 years old, wife Mulattress;
       Antonio Mesa, Negro, 38 years old, wife Mulattress, six
       children; Jose Antonio Navarro, Mestizo, 42 years old,
       wife, Mulattress, three children; Basil Rosas, Indian, 68
       years old, wife, Mulattress, six children."

1848 - Louis H. Latimer is born in Chelsea, Massachusetts.  A one-
       time draftsman and preparer of patents for Alexander
       Graham Bell, he will later join the United States Electric
       Company, where he will patent a carbon filament for the
       incandescent lamp. When he joins the ancestors on December
       11, 1928, he will be eulogized by his co-workers as a
       valuable member of the "Edison Pioneers," a group of men
       and women who advanced electrical light usage in the
       United States.

1865 - Bowie State College (now University) is established in
       Bowie, Maryland.

1875 - The Clinton Massacre occurs in Clinton, Mississippi. Twenty
       to thirty African Americans are killed over a two-day
       period.

1908 - Richard Wright,  who will become the author of the best-
       selling "Native Son," "Uncle Tom's Children," and "Black
       Boy," is born near Natchez, Mississippi. Wright will be
       among the first African American writers to protest white
       treatment of African Americans. He will join the ancestors
       on November 28, 1960.

1942 -  Merald 'Bubba' Knight is born in Atlanta, Georgia.  He will
       become a singer with his sister Gladys Knight as part of
       her background group, The Pips.  They will record many
       songs including "Midnight Train to Georgia," "Best Thing
       That Ever Happened to Me," "I Heard It Through the
       Grapevine," "Every Beat of My Heart," "Letter Full of
       Tears," and "The Way We Were/Try to Remember" medley.

1953 - Lawrence-Hilton Jacobs is born in New York City.  He will
       become an actor and will star in "Alien Nation,"
       "Rituals," "Roots," "Welcome Back, Kotter," "Quiet Fire,"
       "L.A. Heat," and "L.A. Vice."

1957 - The governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out the
       National Guard to stop nine African American students
       from entering Central High School in Little Rock,
       Arkansas.  Three weeks later, President Dwight Eisenhower
       sends a force of 1,000 U.S. Army paratroopers (The 101st
       Airborne) to Little Rock to guarantee the peaceful
       desegregation of the public school.

1960 - Damon Kyle Wayans is born in New York City, New york.  He
       will become an actor/comedian and will star in "In Living
       Color," "Major Payne," "Blankman," "Celtic Pride,"
       "The Great White Hype" and many others.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

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9/5
« Reply #11 on: September 05, 2011, 08:55:25 pm »
First off shouts out to Supreme Understanding author of all those books you know and love put out by Supreme Design Publishing, today was his born day. 
 
1804 - Absalom Jones is ordained a priest in the Protestant
       Episcopal Church.
 
1846 - John Wesley Cromwell is born into slavery in Portsmouth,
       Virginia. After receiving freedom, he and his family
       will move to Philadelphia. In 1865, he will return to
       Portsmouth to open a private school, which will fail due
       to racial harassment. He will enter Howard University in
       Washington, DC in 1871. He will receive a law degree and
       be admitted to the bar in 1874. He will be the first
       African American to practice law for the Interstate
       Commerce Commission. He will found the weekly paper, "The
       People's Advocate" in 1876. In 1881, he will be elected
       President of Bethel Library and Historical Association in
       Washington, DC. He will use this position to generate
       interest in African American history. He will inspire the
       foundation of the Association for the Study of Negro Life
       and History in 1915. He will also be the Secretary of the
       American Negro Academy. He will join the ancestors on
       April 14, 1927.
 
1859 - "Our Nig" by Harriet E. Wilson is published.  It is the
       first novel published in the United States by an African
       American woman and will be lost to readers for years
       until reprinted with a critical essay by noted African
       American scholar Henry Louis Gates, Jr. in 1983.
 
1877 - African Americans from the Post-Civil-War South, led by
       Benjamin 'Pap' Singleton, settle in Kansas and establish
       towns like Nicodemus, to take advantage of free land
       offered by the United States government through the
       Homestead Act of 1860.
 
1895 - George Washington Murray is elected to Congress from South
       Carolina.
 
1916 - Novelist Frank Yerby is born in Augusta, Georgia. A student
       at Fisk University and the University of Chicago, Yerby's
       early short story "Health Card" will win the O. Henry
       short story award. He will later turn to adventure novels
       and become a best-selling author in the 1940's and 1950's
       with "The Foxes of Harrow", "The Vixens" and many others.
       His later novels will include "Goat Song", "The Darkness
       at Ingraham's Crest-A Tale of the Slaveholding South",
       and "Devil Seed".  In total, Yerby will publish over 30
       novels that sell over 20 million copies. He will leave
       the United States in 1955 in protest against racial
       discrimination, moving to Spain where he will remain for
       the rest of his life. He will join the ancestors on
       November 29, 1991, after succumbing to congestive heart
       failure in Madrid, Spain. He will be interred there in the
       Cementerio de la Almudena.
 
1960 - Cassius Clay of Louisville, Kentucky, wins the gold medal
       in light heavyweight boxing at the Olympic Games in Rome,
       Italy. Clay will later change his name to Muhammad Ali
       and become one of the great boxing champions in the world.
       In 1996, at the Olympic Games in Atlanta, Georgia,
       Muhammad Ali will have the honor of lighting the Olympic
       flame.
 
1960 - Leopold Sedar Senghor, poet, politician, is elected
       President of Senegal.
 
1972 - Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway win a gold record -- for
       their duet, "Where is the Love".  The song gets to number
       five on the pop music charts and is one of two songs for
       the duo to earn gold. The other will be "The Closer I Get
       To You" (1978).
 
1995 - O.J. Simpson jurors hear testimony that police detective
       Mark Fuhrman had uttered a racist slur, and advocated the
       killing of Blacks.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

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9/6
« Reply #12 on: September 06, 2011, 08:32:12 pm »
1826 - John Brown Russwurm graduates from Bowdoin College.  While
       many sources consider him to be the first African American
       in America to graduate from college, he was preceded by
       Edward Jones (B.A. Amherst College - August 23, 1826) and
       Alexander Lucius Twilight (B.A. Middlebury College -
       1823).

1848 - National Black Convention meets in Cleveland, Ohio with
       some seventy delegates.   Frederick Douglass is elected
       president of the convention.

1865 - Thaddeus Stevens, powerful U.S. congressman, urges
       confiscation of estates of Confederate leaders and the
       distribution of land to adult freedmen in forty-acre
       lots.

1866 - Frederick Douglass becomes the first African American
       delegate to a national political convention.

1876 - A race riot occurs in Charleston, South Carolina.
1883 – J.A. Rogers, publisher, lecturer and historian was born in Negil, Jamaica

1892 - George "Little Chocolate" Dixon beats Jack Skelly in New
       Orleans to win the world featherweight title. While some
       African American citizens celebrate for two days, the New
       Orleans Times-Democrat says, "It was a mistake to match a
       Negro and a white man, to bring the races together on any
       terms of equality even in the prize ring."

1905 - The Atlanta Life Insurance Company is established by A.F.
       Herndon.

1910 – Katherine Dunham was born. She was a pioneer in the use of folk and ethnic choreography, and considered one of the founders of the anthropological dance movement. With "Aida" in 1963, she became the first Black to choreograph for the Metropolitan Opera in New York city.

1930 - Leander Jay Shaw, Jr. is born in Salem, Virginia.  He will
       become a justice of the Florida State Supreme Court in
       1983 and, in 1990, the chief justice, a first in Florida
       and the second African American chief justice in any
       state supreme court.

1966 - A racially motivated civil disturbance occurs in Atlanta,
       Georgia.

1967 - President Lyndon B. Johnson names Walter E. Washington,
       commissioner and "unofficial" mayor of Washington, DC.
         -singer Macy Gray was born

1968 - The Kingdom of Swaziland achieves full independence from
       Great Britain as a constitutional monarchy.

1979 – Rapper Foxxy Brown was born

1989 - The National Party, the governing party of South Africa,
       loses nearly a quarter of its parliamentary seats to
       far-right and anti-apartheid rivals, its worst setback
       in four decades.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

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9/7
« Reply #13 on: September 08, 2011, 05:24:43 am »
9/7 Independence Day in Brazil

1800 - The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church is dedicated
       in New York City.

1859 - John Merrick, co-organizer of The North Carolina Mutual
       Life Insurance Company, is born.

1914 - Jean Blackwell Hutson is born in Summerfield, Florida.
       From 1948 until she retired in 1980, she will help build
       the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in
       Harlem into the world's primary source for books, art,
       historical documents and other materials on people of
       African Descent. She will also help the center in 1981,
       win a federal grant so the collection could move from its
       cramped quarters to a more spacious $3.7 million, five-
       story building in Harlem. By then, she will be retired as
       the institution's head and will take a job in the office
       of library administration at the Public Library's
       headquarters in New York. She will join the ancestors in
       1998. At the time of her death, the Schomburg Collection
       will hold about 150,000 volumes, 3.5 million manuscripts,
       the largest assemblage of photographs documenting Black
       life, and rare artifacts-including a 16th century
       manuscript, "Ad Catholicum" by Juan Latino, believed to
       be the first book written by a person of African descent.

1917 - Jacob Lawrence is born in Atlantic City, New Jersey.  He
       will become one of the leading painters in chronicling
       African American history and urban life. Among his most
       celebrated works will be the historical panels "The Life
       of Toussaint L'ouverture" and "The Life of Harriet
       Tubman." He will join the ancestors on June 9, 2000.

1927 – Dolores Kendrick, future Poet Laureate of the District of Columbia, is born in Washington, DC.

1930 - Theodore Walter "Sonny" Rollins, jazz saxophonist, is
       born in New York City. Rollins will grow up in a
       neighborhood where Thelonious Monk, Coleman Hawkins (his
       early idol), and Bud Powell were playing. After recording
       with the latter in 1949, Rollins begins recording with
       Miles Davis in 1951. During the next three years he
       composes three of his best-known tunes, "Oleo," "Doxy,"
       and "Airegin," and continues to work with Davis, Charlie
       Parker, and others.  Following his withdrawal from music
       in 1954 to cure a heroin addiction, Rollins re-emerges
       with the Clifford Brown-Max Roach quintet in 1955, and
       the next four years prove to be his most fertile. He
       will be awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1972. On
       September 7th 2011, he is named as one of the honorees for
       the 2011 Kennedy Center Honors. He will be celebrated for
       his talent in improvisational saxophone.

1934 - James Milton Campbell, Jr. is born in Inverness,
       Mississippi. He will becomes a blues guitar artist better
       known as "Little Milton." He started his career playing
       in blues bands when he was a teenager. His first
       recording was accompanying pianist Willie Love in the
       early 50s. He then appeared under his own name on three
       singles issued on Sam Phillips' Sun label under the
       guidance of Ike Turner. His vocal style will be in the
       mould of Bobby "Blues" Bland and "T-Bone" Walker.  His
       hits will include "We're Gonna Make It," "Who's Cheating
       Who," "Grits Ain't Groceries," and "That's What Love
       Will Do."

1937 - Olly Wilson is born in St. Louis, Missouri.  He will
       become a classical composer whose works will be played
       by the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Oakland City
       Philharmonic, San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, and many
       others.

1942 - Richard Roundtree is born in New Rochelle, New York. He
       will attend college on a football scholarship but will
       later give up athletics to pursue an acting career.
       After touring as a model with the Ebony Fashion Fair, he
       will join the Negro Ensemble Company's acting workshop
       program in 1967. He will make his film debut in 1970's
       "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady?," but is still an
       unknown when filmmaker Gordon Parks, Sr. cast him as
       Shaft. The role will shoot Roundtree to instant fame,
       launching the blaxploitation genre and proving so
       successful at the box office that it helped save MGM
       from the brink of bankruptcy. Thanks to the film's
       popularity -- as well as its two sequels, 1972's
       "Shaft's Big Score!" and the following year's "Shaft in
       Africa," and even a short-lived television series. He
       will also appear in films including the 1974 disaster
       epic "Earthquake," 1975's "Man Friday" and the
       blockbuster 1977 TV miniseries "Roots."

1949 - Gloria Gaynor is born in Newark New Jersey.  She will
       become a singer and will be best known for her 1979
       hit, "I Will Survive".  The hit tops the charts in both
       the United Kingdom and the United States.

1954 - Integration of public schools begins in Washington, DC
       and Baltimore, Maryland.

1972 - Curtis Mayfield earns a gold record for his album,
       "Superfly", from the movie of the same name.  The LP
       contained the hits, "Freddie's Dead" and "Superfly" --
       both songs were also million record sellers.

1980 - Bessie A. Buchanan, the first African American woman to
       be elected to the New York State legislature, joins the
       ancestors in New York City. Before her political career,
       she was a Broadway star who had leading roles in
       "Shuffle Along" and "Showboat."

1986 - Bishop Desmond Tutu becomes the archbishop of Cape Town,
       two years after winning the Nobel Peace Prize for his
       nonviolent opposition to apartheid in South Africa. As
       archbishop, he was the first Black to head South
       Africa's Anglican church. In 1948, South Africa's white
       minority government institutionalized its policy of
       racial segregation and white supremacy known as
       apartheid--Afrikaans for "apartness." Eighty percent of
       the country's land was set aside for white use, and
       black Africans entering this territory required special
       passes. Blacks, who had no representation in the
       government, were subjected to different labor laws and
       educational standards than whites and lived in extreme
       poverty while white South Africans prospered.

1987 - Dr. Benjamin S. Carson, a pediatric neurosurgeon at
       Johns Hopkins University Hospital, leads a surgical
       team that successfully separates Siamese twins who had
       been joined at the head.

1994 - U.S. Marines begin training on a Puerto Rican island
       amid talk in Washington of a U.S.-led intervention in
       Haiti.

1995 – Eazy-E was born today in 1963. He was one of the first to translate drug money into legitimate success in the hip hop music industry. At 23, the controversial NWA founder attended an exclusive banquet at the White House with George Bush, Sr., wearing a jheri curl and a black leather suit

1996 – Rapper 2pac Shakur was shot in Vegas after attending a Mike Tyson fight where he got into a brawl with Orlando Anderson afterwards in the hotel lobby. He would die 6 days later on Friday the 13th from complications from the surgeries and gunshot wounds.

2011 - Sonny Rollins is named as one of the honorees for the 2011
       Kennedy Center Honors. He will be celebrated for his
       talent in improvisational saxophone.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

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9/8
« Reply #14 on: September 08, 2011, 11:13:08 am »

Rash Hashanah (begins at sunset)
New Moon

1875 - The governor of Mississippi requests federal troops to
       protect African American voters. Attorney General Edward
       Pierrepont refuses the request and says "the whole
       public are tired of these annual autumnal outbreaks in
       the South..."

1925 - Ossian Sweet, a prominent Detroit doctor, is arrested on
       murder charges after shots are fired into a mob in front
       of the Sweet home in a previously all-white area.  Sweet
       is defended by Clarence Darrow, who won an acquittal in
       the second trial.

1940 - Willie Tyler is born in Red Level, Alabama.  He will
       become a well known ventriloquist along with his wooden
       partner, Lester.

1957 - Tennis champion, Althea Gibson, becomes the first
       African American athlete to win a U.S. national tennis
       championship.

1965 - Dorothy Dandridge, nominated for an Oscar for her
       performance in "Carmen Jones," joins the ancestors at
       the age of 41 in Hollywood, California.

1968 - Black Panther Huey Newton is convicted of voluntary
       manslaughter in the fatal shooting of an Oakland
       policeman.  He will later begin a 2 to l5-year jail
       sentence.

1968 - Saundra Williams is crowned the first Miss Black America
       in a contest held exclusively for African American
       women in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

1975 - The city of Boston begins court ordered citywide busing
       of public schools amid scattered incidents of violence.

1981 - Roy Wilkins, longtime and second executive director of
       the NAACP, joins the ancestors.

1990 - Marjorie Judith Vincent of Illinois is selected as Miss
       America in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The Haitian
       native, a third-year law student at Duke University,
       is the fourth woman of African descent to become Miss
       America.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali