Author Topic: Ourstory  (Read 24328 times)

Offline True Father Sankofa

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10/8
« Reply #45 on: October 08, 2011, 08:53:10 am »
Ourstory 10/8

1775 - A council of general officers decides to bar slaves and
free African Americans from serving in the Continental
Army.

1820 – Henri Christophe, leader of Haitan independence from France, died in Cap-Haitien

1930 - Faith Ringgold is born in New York City. She will become
a multimedia artist whose paintings, face masks, fabric
and soft sculptures, and quilts will earn her praise for
her reaffirmation of African American women's values and
unique perspective.

1950 - Robert "Kool" Bell is born. He will become a Rhythm and
Blues singer and will become the leader of his own group,
"Kool & the Gang."

1963 - The Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to
Kenya.

1969 - Police officers and African Americans exchange sniper
fire on Chicago's West Side. One youth is killed and
nine policemen are injured.

1980 – Bob Marley collapses during a concert in Pittsburgh, PA; he will not perform again

1992 - The Nobel Prize for literature is awarded to West Indies
poet, Derek Walcott.

1993 - The U.N. General Assembly lifted almost all its remaining
economic sanctions against South Africa, begun in the
1960s and built up in subsequent years because of
Pretoria's policy of racial apartheid.

1999 - Laila Ali, the 21-year-old daughter of Muhammad Ali,
makes her professional boxing debut by knocking out
opponent April Fowler 31 seconds after the opening bell
in Verona, New York.

2004 - The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Kenyan ecologist Wangari Maathai

2009 - Abu Talib, bluesman who recorded and toured with Ray Charles
and Little Walter under his given name, Freddy Robinson,
joins the ancestors in Lancaster, California after
succumbing to cancer.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

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10/9
« Reply #46 on: October 09, 2011, 08:05:41 am »
Uganda Independence Day

1806 – Mathematician and astronomer Benjamin Banneker dies in Ellicott City, MD

1823 - Mary Ann Shadd (later Cary) is born free in Wilmington,
       Delaware, the eldest of thirteen children.  She will
       become the publisher of Canada's first anti-slavery
       newspaper, "The Provincial Freeman", devoted to displaced
       African Americans living in Canada. This also makes her
       the first woman in North America to publish and edit a
       newspaper.  She will then become a teacher, establishing
       or teaching in schools for African Americans in
       Wilmington, Delaware, West Chester, Pennsylvania, New
       York, Morristown, New Jersey, and Canada. She will also
       be the first woman to speak at a national Negro
       convention. In 1869, she will embark on her second
       career, becoming the first woman to enter Howard
       University's law school. She will become the first
       African American woman to obtain a law degree and among
       the first women in the United States to do so.  She will
       join the ancestors in 1893.

1894 - Eugene Jacques Bullard is born in Columbus, Georgia.

1906 - Leopold Senghor is born in Joal, Senegal, French West
       Africa (now in Senegal).  He will become a poet and
       president of Senegal from 1960 to 1980.  Senghor will
       attempt to modernize Senegal's agriculture, instill a
       sense of enlightened citizenship, combat corruption and
       inefficiency, forge closer ties with his African
       neighbors, and continue cooperation with the French. He
       will advocate an African socialism based on African
       realities, free of both atheism and excessive
       materialism. He will seek an open, democratic,
       humanistic socialism that shunned such slogans as
       "dictatorship of the proletariat." A vigorous spokesman
       for the Third World, he will protest unfair terms of
       trade that work to the disadvantage of the agricultural
       nations. In 1984, Senghor will be inducted into the
       French Academy, becoming the first Black member in that
       body's history.

1929 - Ernest "Dutch" Morial is born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
       He will become the first African American mayor of New
       Orleans in 1978 and be re-elected in 1982.

1940 - The White House releases a statement which says that
       government "policy is not to intermingle colored and
       white enlisted personnel in the same regimental
       organizations."

1961 - Tanganyika becomes independent within the British
       Commonwealth.

1962 - Uganda gains its independence from Great Britain.

1963 - Uganda becomes a republic within the British Commonwealth.

1984 - W Wilson Goode becomes the 1st African American mayor of Philadelphia

1991 - Korean store owner shoots and kills teenager Latasha Harlins in the back of the head. Despite widespread protests, the store owner is only convicted of 10 years of probation. Her store was firebombed weeks later.

1999 - Milt Jackson, a jazz vibraphonist who made the instrument
       sing like the human voice as a longtime member of the
       Modern Jazz Quartet, joins the ancestors at the age of
       76.  He succumbs to liver cancer in a Manhattan hospital.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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10/10
« Reply #47 on: October 10, 2011, 05:02:18 am »
1874 - South Carolina Republicans carry the election with a
       reduced victory margin.  The Republican ticket is
       composed of four whites and four Blacks.

1899 - J.W. Butts, inventor, receives a patent for a luggage
       carrier.

1899 - I. R. Johnson patents his bicycle frame.

1901 - Frederick Douglass Patterson is born in Washington, DC.
       He will receive doctorate degrees from both Iowa State
       University and Cornell University.  Dr. Patterson will
       serve as the president of Tuskegee Institute from 1935
       to 1955.  In 1943, he will organize a meeting of the
       heads of Black colleges to conduct annual campaigns
       for funds needed to help meet the operating expenses of
       27 Black colleges and universities.  This will result
       in the formation of the United Negro College Fund. Dr.
       Patterson will serve as its first president.

1917 - Thelonious Monk is born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina.
       He will become an innovative jazz pianist and composer
       of ‘Round Midnight.' Monk will be considered one of the
       fathers of jazz improvisation and in 1961 will be
       featured on the cover of Time magazine, only one of
       three jazz musicians so honored at that time.

1935 - George Gershwin's "Porgy and Bess" premieres at the
       Alvin Theater in New York City.

1946 - Ben Vereen is born in Miami, Florida.  He will become a
       dancer and multi-faceted entertainer.

1953 - Gus Williams is born. He will become a professional
       basketball player and NBA guard with the Golden State
       Warriors, Seattle Supersonics, and Washington Bullets.

1957 - President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister
       of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused
       service in a Dover, Delaware restaurant.

1961 - Otis M. Smith is appointed to the Michigan Supreme Court
       and becomes the first African American on the high
       court.

1964 – This was Day 1 for the Nation of Gods and Earths commonly known as the Five Percenters. The NGE uses street-based education as a means of proactive social change.

1978 - Congressman Ralph H. Metcalfe joins the ancestors in
       Chicago at the age of 68.

1989 -  South African President F.W. de Klerk announces that
       eight prominent political prisoners, including African
       National Congress official Walter Sisulu, would be
       unconditionally freed, but that Nelson Mandela would
       remain imprisoned.









"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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10/11
« Reply #48 on: October 12, 2011, 03:14:47 pm »
1864 - Slavery is abolished in Maryland.

1865 - Jamaican national hero, Paul Bogle leads a successful
       protest march to the Morant Bay Courthouse.  Poverty and
       injustice in Jamaican society and lack of public
       confidence in the central authority had urged Paul Bogle
       to lead the march.  A violent confrontation with official
       forces will follow the march, resulting in the death of
       nearly 500 people.  Many others will be flogged and
       punished before order is restored.  Paul Bogle will be
       captured and hanged on October 24, 1865.  His forceful
       demonstration will pave the way for the establishment of
       just practices in the courts and bring about a change in
       official attitude, making possible the social and economic
       betterment of the Jamaican people.

1882 - Robert Nathaniel Dett, is born in Ontario, Canada.  He will
       become an acclaimed concert pianist, composer, arranger,
       and choral conductor.  He will receive his musical
       education at the Oliver Willis Halstead Conservatory in
       Lockport, NY, Oberlin College (BM, 1908, composition and
       piano), and the Eastman School of Music (MM, 1938).  He
       will become President of the National Association of Negro
       Musicians from 1924-1926.  His teaching tenures will
       include Lane College in Tennessee, Lincoln Institute in
       Missouri, Bennett College in North Carolina, and Hampton
       Institute in Virginia.  It will be at Hampton Institute
       that he develops the choral ensembles which will receive
       international acclaim and recognition. He will join the
       ancestors on October 2, 1943, in Battle Creek, Michigan,
       after succumbing to congestive heart failure.

1887 – Granville T. Woods patented the telephone. He later sold his patent to General Electric, 1887

1887 - A. Miles registers a patent on an elevator.

1919 - Arthur "Art" Blakey is born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
       Blakey, a jazz drummer credited as one of the creators of
       bebop, will be best known as the founder of the Jazz
       Messengers. The band will become a proving ground for some
       of the best modern jazz musicians, including Horace Silver,
       Hank Mobely, Freddie Hubbard, Wayne Shorter, Sonny Rollins,
       Wynton Marsalis, and Branford Marsalis. He will join the
       ancestors on October 16, 1990.

1939 - Coleman Hawkins records his famous "Body and Soul" in New
       York City.

1939 - The NAACP organizes the Education and Legal Defense Fund.

1972 - A major prison uprising occurs at the Washington, DC jail.

1976 - The United Nations Day of Solidarity with South Africa is
       declared by the membership of the United Nations.  A
       special day of solidarity is observed with the numerous
       political prisoners who are being held in South Africa.

1985 - President Reagan bans the importation of South African gold
       coins known as Krugerrands.

1991 - Redd Foxx (John Elroy Sanford), comedian (Sanford & Sons,
       Harlem Nights), joins the ancestors at the age of 68.

1994 - U.S. troops in Haiti take over the National Palace.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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10/12
« Reply #49 on: October 12, 2011, 05:32:35 pm »
1904 - William Montague Cobb is born in Washington, DC. He will
       become the only Black physical anthropologist with a
       Ph.D. before the Korean War, He will hold the only Black
       perspective on physical anthropology for many years.
       He will serve as the Chairman of the Anthropology
       Section of the American Association for Advancement of
       Science and be the first African American President of
       the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.
       He will be not only a famous physical anthropologist
       because of his race, but also because of the great
       contributions he made to the field of anthropology. He
       grew up pondering the question of race, which ultimately
       led him to his studies of anthropology. After graduating
       from Dunbar High School, he will continue his studies at
       Amherst College, where he will study a wide variety of
       subjects and graduate with a Bachelor of Arts degree.
       After his graduation from Amherst, he will research
       embryology at the prestigious Woods Hole Marine Biology
       Laboratory in Massachusetts. He will then attend Howard
       University Medical School, where he will earn an Masters
       Degree in 1929 and will later spend much of his
       professional career. The next few years, he will spend
       his time at Case Western Reserve University, where he will
       earn a Ph.D. and work on the Hamann-Todd Skeletal
       Collection. He will return to Howard University in 1932
       and begin working on a laboratory of his own to conduct
       skeletal research. He will also continue his research on
       human cranio-facial union at the Hamann-Todd Collection
       and the Smithsonian Institute during the summers. In his
       mind, his two best papers on this subject were "The
       Cranio-Facial Union and the Maxillary Tuber in Mammals"
       (1943), and "Cranio-Facial Union in Man" (1940). These
       publications will establish him as a functional anatomist.
       He will also make significant contributions in the issue
       of race in athletics, where he will claim race was
       insignificant to athletics and also profile the biology
       and demography of the African American race during the
       1930's. He will leave his legacy of skeletal research with
       the Laboratory of Anatomy and Physical Anthropology at
       Howard University. This collection of over 600 skeletons
       will be considered one of the premiere collections of its
       kind. He will also be the editor of the Journal of the
       National Medical Association from 1949 to 1977. He will
       join the ancestors on November 20, 1990.

1908 - Ann Lane Petry is born in Old Saybrook, Connecticut.  She
       will become the author of "The Street and the Juvenile
       Work", and "Harriet Tubman, Conductor of the
       Underground Railroad." She will join the ancestors on
       April 28, 1997.

1925 - Xavier University, America's only African American
       Catholic college, becomes a reality, when the College
       of Liberal Arts and Sciences is established.  The
       first degrees were awarded three years later. (The
       Normal School was founded in 1915.)

1929 - Napoleon Brown Goodson Culp is born in Charlotte, North
       Carolina.  He will become a blues singer better known as
       "Nappy" Brown.  He will begin his career as the lead singer
       for the gospel group, The Heavenly Lights, recording for
       Savoy Records.  In 1954, Savoy will convince Brown to
       cross over to secular music.  For the next few years,
       he will ride the first wave of rock and roll until his
       records stop selling.  After years away from the
       limelight, he will resurface in 1984 with an album for
       Landslide Records.  He will then regularly perform and
       record for the New Moon Blues independent label. He will
       join the ancestors on September 20, 2008.

1932 - Richard Claxton Gregory is born in St. Louis, Missouri.
       He will be better known as "Dick" Gregory and in the
       1960's will become a comedic pioneer, bringing a new
       perspective to comedy and opening many doors for Black
       entertainers. Once he achieves success in the
       entertainment world, he will shift gears and use his
       talents to help causes in which he believes.  He will
       serve the community for over forty years as a comedian,
       civil and human rights activist and health/nutrition
       advocate. On October 9, 2000, his friends and
       supporters will honor him at a Kennedy Center gala,
       showing him their "appreciation for his uncommon
       character, unconditional love, and generous service."

1935 - Samuel David Moore is born in Winchester, Georgia.  He
       will become a rhythm and blues singer and one half of
       the group: Sam & Dave (Dave Prater).  The two singers
       will be brought together onstage at Miami's King of Hearts
       nightclub during an amateur night venue. Sam and Dave
       will record for the Alston and Roulette labels before
       being discovered by Atlantic Records' Jerry Wexler,
       who caught their act at the King of Hearts in 1964 and
       then sent them to Memphis-based Stax to record the
       next year.  They will be best know for their hits,
       "Hold On! I'm a Comin'", "Soul Man", "I Thank You",
       and "You Got Me Hummin'".  Sam and Dave will finally
       call it quits after a performance in San Francisco on
       New Year's Eve in 1981.  Samuel Moore will live to see
       the induction of Sam and Dave into the Rock and Roll
       Hall of Fame in 1992 (Dave Prater will be killed in an
       automobile accident on April 9, 1988).

1945 - Jesse James Payne was lynched in Madison County. Florida.

1968 - Equatorial Guinea gains independence from Spain.

1972 - Forty-six African American and white sailors are
       injured in a racially motivated insurrection aboard
       the aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk, off the coast of
       North Vietnam.

1989 - George Beavers, Jr., the last surviving founder of
       Golden State Life Insurance Company of Los Angeles,
       California, joins the ancestors. He co-founded this
       company in 1925, which is the third largest African
       American life insurance company, with $120 million in
       assets and $5 billion of insurance in force.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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10/13
« Reply #50 on: October 13, 2011, 05:28:11 pm »
1831 - Jo Anderson, a slave, helps invent the grain harvester
       reaper.

1876 - Meharry Medical College, formally opens at Central
       Tennessee College.

1901 - Edith Spurlock (later Sampson) is born in Pittsburgh,
       Pennsylvania. She will graduate from the John Marshall
       Law School in Chicago in 1925 with a Bachelor of Laws
       degree.  In 1927, she will become the first African
       American woman to receive a Masters of Laws degree from
       Loyola University. She will become a member of the
       Illinois bar in 1927, and be admitted to practice before
       the Supreme Court in 1934.  She will become the first
       African American woman to be named a delegate to the
       United Nations. She will serve from 1950 to 1953, first
       as an appointee of President Harry S. Truman and later
       during a portion of the Eisenhower Administration. She
       will join the ancestors on October 8, 1979.

1902 - Arna Bontemps is born in Alexandria, Louisiana.  He will
       become a prolific poet, librarian, and author of
       historical and juvenile fiction.  Among his best-known
       works will be "God Sends Sunday" and "Black Thunder",
       the juvenile books "We Have Tomorrow" and "The Story of
       the Negro", and "American Negro Poetry", which he edited.
       In 1943, after graduating from the University of Chicago
       with a masters degree in library science, Bontemps was
       appointed librarian at Fisk University in Nashville,
       Tennessee. He will hold that position for 22 years and
       will develop important collections and archives of
       African American literature and culture. Through his
       librarianship and bibliographic work, he will become a
       leading figure in establishing African American
       literature as a legitimate object of study and
       preservation. He will join the ancestors on June 4, 1973.

1906 - J. Saunders Redding is born in Wilmington, Delaware.  He
       will become a literary and social critic and author of
       non-fiction works on the African American experience. He
       will earn an advanced degree in English at Brown
       University (1932) and will be a professor at various
       colleges and universities, including Morehouse, Hampton,
       and Cornell. In 1949, his stint as a visiting professor
       at Brown will make him the first African American to hold
       a faculty position at an Ivy League university. He will
       write many books and articles on African American culture
       and other topics, including "To Make a Poet Black" (1939),
       a landmark history of African American literature; "No Day
       of Triumph" (1942), an autobiographical account of a
       journey through southern black communities; and "Stranger
       and Alone" (1950), a novel, as well as several more general
       historical and sociological works. He will also edit with
       Arthur P. Davis, an important anthology, "Cavalcade: Negro
       American Writing from 1760 to the Present" (1971). He will
       join the ancestors on March 2, 1988 at his home in Ithaca,
       New York.

1914 - Garrett Augustus Morgan, the son of former slaves, receives
       a patent for an invention he calls the "Safety Hood and
       Smoke Protector," which came to be known as a gas mask.

1926 - First Black naval aviator, Jesse Leroy Brown was born

1970 - Angela Davis arrested in New York City and charged with unlawful flight to avoid persecution for her alleged role in California courthouse shoot-out.

1980 - Unprovoked slayings of six Blacks in Buffalo, New York, triggered demands for national investigation. Spingarn Medal warded to Rayford W. Logan, historian and author, "in tribute to his lifetime of service as an educator and historian."
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

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10/14
« Reply #51 on: October 19, 2011, 10:57:33 am »
10/14

Young People’s Day (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

1834 - Henry Blair of Glen Ross, Maryland, receives a patent for
       a corn planting machine.

1864 - The first African American daily newspaper, the New
       Orleans Tribune, is published in both French and English.

1916 - Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from
       the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee
       University refuse to play against an African American.
       The exclusion will be temporary and the young Robeson
       will go on to be named a football All-American twice.

1958 - The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept
       African Americans as members.

1964 - Dr. Martin L. King, Jr. is announced as the recipient of
       the Nobel Peace Prize for his civil rights activities.
       King is the second African American to win the Peace
       Prize.

1969 - A racially motivated civil disturbance occurs in
       Springfield, Massachusetts.

1971 - Two people are killed in a Memphis, Tennessee racially
       motivated disturbance.

1980 - Bob Marley performs in his last concert before he
       untimely joins the ancestors succumbing to cancer.

1995 - Sports Illustrated places Eddie Robinson on the cover
       of its magazine.  He is the first and only coach of an
       Historically Black College or University (HBCU) to
       appear on the cover of any major sports publication in
       the United States.

1999 - Julius Nyerere, Tanzania's first president, joins the
       ancestors in a London hospital at age 77.

"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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10/15 -10/19
« Reply #52 on: October 19, 2011, 10:58:04 am »
10/15

1877 - Jackson College in Jackson, Mississippi is established.

1883 - The U.S. Supreme Court declares that The Civil Rights Act
       of 1875 is unconstitutional. The Civil Rights Act of
       1875 stated that "All persons within the jurisdiction of
       the United States shall be entitled to the full and
       equal enjoyment of the accomodations, advantages,
       facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances
       on land or water, theaters, and other places of public
       amusement; subject only to the conditions and
       limitations established by law and applicable alike to
       citizens of every race and color, regardless of any
       previous condition of servitude."

1890 - Savannah State College in Savannah, Georgia is
       established.

1890 - The Alabama Penny Savings Bank is founded in Birmingham,
       Alabama by Reverend William Reuben Pettiford with $2,000
       in capital. Although, so strapped for funds in its initial
       months that its officers will not draw salaries, the bank
       will prosper so well that during the panic of 1893, it will
       remain open when larger, white banks in Birmingham fail.

1917 - The first significant group of African American officers
       is commissioned by the U.S. Army.

1949 - William Hastie is nominated for the U.S. Circuit Court
       of Appeals. He will be the first African American to
       sit on the court.

1953 - Toriano Adaryll Jackson is born in Gary, Indiana.  He
       will become a singer and member of The Jackson Five
       known as Tito.

1957 - The Sickle Cell Disease Research Foundation opens in Los
       Angeles, California. It is the forerunner to a national
       association and over 50 local chapters dedicated to
       providing education, screening, counseling, and research
       in the genetic disease that affects over 50,000
       individuals, mostly African Americans.

1966 – The Black Panther Party for self defense was formed in Oakland, CA

1969 - Abdi Rashid Ali Shermarke, President of Somalia, is
       assassinated.

1974 - The National Guard is mobilized to restore order in the
       Boston school busing crisis.

1989 - South African officials release eight prominent political
       prisoners, including Walter Sisulu, a leader of the
       African National Congress.

1991 - Judge Clarence Thomas is confirmed as the 106th associate
       justice of the United States Supreme Court, despite
       sexual harassment allegations by Anita Hill, with a
       Senate vote of 52-48.  He becomes the second African
       American to sit on the Supreme Court.

1993 - African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela and South
       African President F.W. de Klerk are awarded the Nobel
       Peace Prize for their work to end apartheid and laying
       the foundations for a democratic South Africa.

1994 - Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide returns to his
       country, three years after being overthrown by army
       rulers. The U.N. Security Council welcomes Aristide's
       return by voting to lift stifling trade sanctions
       imposed against Haiti.

2005 - The Million More Movement convenes on the National Mall
       in Washington, DC.  In addition to celebrating the 10th
       anniversary of the Million Man March, there is a call
       for an end to the war in Iraq, and pointed criticism of
       the federal response to Hurricane Katrina.

10/16

1849 - George Washington Williams is born in Bedford Springs,
       Pennsylvania. He will become the first major African
       American historian and founder of two African American
       newspapers, "The Commoner" in Washington, DC, and
       Cincinnati's "The Southern Review."

1849 - Charles L. Reason is named professor of belles-lettres
       and French at Central College in McGrawville, New York.
       William G. Allen and George B. Vashon also will teach
       at the predominantly white college.

1855 - More than one hundred delegates from six states hold a
       Black convention in Philadelphia.

1855 - John Mercer Langston, one of the first African Americans
       to win public office, is elected clerk of Brownhelm
       Township, Lorain County, Ohio.

1859 - Osborne Perry Anderson, a free man, is one of five
       African Americans in John Brown's raid on the United
       States Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia. This raid that hoped for escaped slaves to join the rebellion included 16 whites as well.

1872 - South Carolina Republicans carry the election with a
       ticket of four whites and four Blacks: Richard H.
       Gleaves, lieutenant governor; Henry E. Hayne, secretary
       of state; Francis L. Cardozo, treasurer; and Henry W.
       Purvis, adjutant general. African Americans win 97 of
       the 158 seats in the General Assembly and four of the
       five congressional districts.

1876 - A race riot occurs in Cainhoy, South Carolina.  Five
       whites and one African American are killed.

1895 - The National Medical Association is founded in Atlanta,
       Georgia.

1901 - Booker T. Washington dines at the White House with
       President Theodore Roosevelt and is criticized in the
       South.

1932 - Chi Eta Phi sorority is founded in Washington, DC.
       Aliene Carrington Ewell and 11 other women establish
       the nursing society, which will grow to 72 chapters in
       22 states, the District of Columbia, and Liberia and
       will eventually admit both men and women.

1968 - Tommie Smith and John Carlos hold up their fists in a
       Black Power salute during the 1968 Summer Games in
       Mexico City, Mexico. Their actions will come to
       symbolize the Black Power movement in sports and will
       result in their suspension from the games two days
       later.

1973 - Maynard Jackson becomes the first African American mayor
       of a major southern city when he was elected mayor of
       Atlanta, Georgia.  Jackson, at the age of 35, becomes
       one of the youngest mayors of a major city to ever be
       elected.

1984 - Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa is awarded
       the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as a unifying figure
       in the campaign to resolve the problems of apartheid in
       South Africa.

1990 - Art Blakey, jazz drummer (Jazz Messengers), joins the
       ancestors, after a bout with cancer, at the age of 71.

1995 - Minister Louis Farrakhan of The Nation of Islam speaks at
       The Million Man March in Washington, D.C., which he
       called for, and organized.  It is known as the "Day of
       Atonement."

1997 – The NAACP advocated for a formal revision of the word nigger in Merrium-Webster’s dictionary

2000 - The Million Family March, called for by Minister Louis
       Farrakhan, is held in Washington, DC.

10/17

Mother’s Day (Malawi)

1711 - Jupiter Hammon is born a slave on Long Island, New York. He
       will become a poet and the first published Black writer in
       America, a poem appearing in print in 1760. He will be
       considered one of the founders of African American
       literature. He will be a slave his entire life, owned by
       several generations of the Lloyd family on Long Island.
       However, he will be allowed to attend school, and unlike
       many slaves, will be able to read and write. In 1786,
       He will give his "Address to the Negroes of the State of
       New York" before the African Society. He will write the
       the speech at age seventy-six after a lifetime of slavery,
       and it will contain his famous quote, "If we should ever
       get to Heaven, we shall find nobody to reproach us for
       being Black, or for being slaves." The speech draws
       heavily on Christian motifs and theology. For example, He
       will say that Black people should maintain their high
       moral standards precisely because being slaves on Earth
       had already secured their place in heaven. His speech
       also will promote the idea of a gradual emancipation as a
       way of ending slavery. It will be thought that he stated
       this plan because he knew that slavery was so entrenched
       in American society that an immediate emancipation of all
       slaves would be more difficult to achieve. The speech will
       be later reprinted by several groups opposed to slavery.
       It is widely believed that he joined the ancestors in
       1806.

1787 - Boston African Americans, led by Prince Hall, submit to
       the State Legislature in Boston, Massachusetts, a
       petition asking for equal educational rights and
       facilities.  The petition is not granted.

1806 - Jean Jacques Dessalines, revolutionist and Emperor of
       Haiti, joins the ancestors as a result of an
       assassination.

1817 - Samuel Ringgold Ward is born on the Eastern Shore of
       Maryland. He will be considered one of the finest
       abolitionist orators. He will work for the Anti-Slavery
       Society of Canada and will travel to Britain to further
       the society's work. His fundraising success in Britain
       will provide the society to finance their support of
       escaped slaves from the United States. After publishing
       a book that will chronicle his anti-slavery achievements,
       he will be able to retire to Jamaica, where he will join
       the ancestors in 1866.

1871 - President Grant suspends the writ of habeas corpus and
       declares martial law in nine South Carolina counties
       affected by Ku Klux Klan disturbances.

1888 - The first African American bank, Capital Savings Bank of
       Washington, DC, opens for business.

1894 - Ohio National Guard kills 3 members of a lynch mob while
       rescuing an African American man.

1909 - William R. Cole is born in East Orange, New Jersey.  He
       will become a jazz drummer best known as "Cozy Cole."
       He will begin to play professionally as a teenager and
       will make his first recording at age 20 with Jelly Roll
       Morton's Red Hot Peppers. Cozy Cole will join Cab
       Calloway's band in 1939 and will join CBS radio in 1943
       to play in Raymond Scott's Orchestra, becoming one of
       the first African American musicians on a network
       musical staff.  In 1958, Cole will make a solo hit
       record, "Topsy," that sells more than a million copies.
       He will join the ancestors on January 9, 1981.

1956 - Mae C. Jemison is born in Decatur, Alabama. She will
       grow up in Chicago, become a physician, serve in the
       Peace Corps in Africa, and practice medicine in Los
       Angeles, before being selected for the astronaut
       training program in 1987.

1969 - Dr. Clifton R. Wharton Jr., is elected president of
       Michigan State University and becomes the first African
       American to head a major, predominantly white university
       in the twentieth century.

1985 - Legendary jazz and blues singer Alberta Hunter joins the
       ancestors in New York City.  She achieved fame in
       Chicago jazz clubs in the 1920's, toured Europe in the
       1930's and, after over 20 years of anonymity as a nurse,
       returned to performing in 1977.

1990 - Dr. Ralph Abernathy, civil rights leader, joins the
       ancestors.

1991 - The 100th episode of "A Different World" airs on NBC.
       The acclaimed show, a spin-off of "The Cosby Show" that
       stars Jasmine Guy, Kadeem Hardison, and an ensemble of
       young African American actors, is directed by Debbie
       Allen.

10/18

1903, 1905, 1910 (didn’t sources say different years) - Felix Houphouet-Boigny is born in the Ivory Coast when it
       was part of French colonial West Africa. In 1960, after
       the Ivory Coast (Cote' d'Ivoire) gains independence from
       France, he will become President, and hold that office
       until he joins the ancestors in 1993.

1926 - Charles Edward Berry is born in St. Louis, Missouri. He
       will become one of the foremost legends in rock and roll
       and known as "Chuck" Berry. In the early Fifties, Berry
       will lead a popular blues trio by night and work as a
       beautician by day.  After befriending Muddy Waters, he
       will be introduced to Leonard Chess of Chess Records, who
       signs him to a recording contract.  Chuck Berry will also
       be successful in crossing over to the largely white pop
       market.  His hits will include "Maybellene," "Rock and
       Roll Music," "School Days," "Johnny B. Goode," "Sweet
       Little Sixteen," "No Particular Place to Go," "You Never
       Can Tell," "Promised Land," and "My Ding-a-Ling."  He
       will inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in
       1986.

1942 - Willie Horton is born.  He will become a professional
       baseball player with the Detroit Tigers, known for his
       power hitting ability.

1945 - Paul Robeson, actor, singer, athlete and activist,
       receives the NAACP's Spingarn Medal.

1961 - Wynton Marsalis is born in New Orleans, Louisiana.  A
       jazz trumpeter from the famous Marsalis family, which
       includes father Ellis and brothers Branford and Delfayo,
       he will at 19, become a member of Art Blakely's Jazz
       Messengers and in 1984 be the first musician to win
       Grammys for jazz and classical music recordings
       simultaneously.

1968 - United States Olympic Committee suspends Tommie Smith &
       John Carlos for giving a "black power" salute as a
       protest during a victory ceremony in Mexico City on
       October 16.

1973 - "Raisin", a musical adaptation of the Lorraine Hansberry
       play, "A Raisin in the Sun", opens on Broadway.  It
       marks the debut of Debbie Allen in the role of Beneatha
       Younger and will act as the catalyst for her further
       success in television and choreography.

1990 - Filmmaker Charles Burnett's 1977 movie "Killer of Sheep"
       is declared a "national treasure" by the Library of
       Congress. It is among the first 50 films placed in the
       National Film Registry because of its significance.
       Burnett's film joins other significant films such as
       "All About Eve", "The Godfather", and "Top Hat."

10/19

1859 -  Byrd Prillerman is born a slave in Shady Grove,
       Franklin County, Virginia. He will become an
       educator, reformer, religious worker, political
       figure, and lawyer. He will be best known as the co-
       founder of the West Virginia Colored Institute in
       1891.  The school will be changed to the West
       Virginia Collegiate Institute in 1915. The school,
       under Prillerman's leadership, will become the first
       state school for African Americans to reach the rank
       of an accredited college whose work is accepted by
       the universities of the North.  The school will
       eventually become West Virginia State College, then
       West Virginia State University. He will join the
       ancestors on April 25, 1929.

1870 - The first African Americans are elected to the House
       of Representatives.  African American Republicans
       won three of the four congressional seats in South
       Carolina: Joseph H. Rainey, Robert C. DeLarge and
       Robert B. Elliott.  Rainey was elected to an un-
       expired term in the Forty-first Congress and was the
       first African American seated in the House.

1878 – Dr. Frederick Victor Nanka Bruce, the first physician on the Gold Coast, is born in Accra, Ghana

1920 - Alberta Peal is born in Cleveland, Ohio.  She will
       become a television and movie actress better known as
       LaWanda Page and will star in "Mausoleum," "Women Tell
       the Dirtiest Jokes," "Shakes the Clown," and "Don't Be
       a Menace." She will be best known for her role as Aunt
       Esther in the long-running television series, "Sanford
       and Sons." She will join the ancestors on September 14,
       2002.

1924 - "From Dixie to Broadway" premieres at the Broadhurst
       Theatre in New York City. The music is written by
       Will Vodery, an African American, who arranged music
       for the Ziegfeld Follies for 23 years.

1936 - Johnnetta Betsch (later Cole) is born in Jacksonville,
       Florida. She will have a distinguished career as an
       educator and administrator and will become the first
       African American woman to head Spelman College.

1944 - Winston Hubert McIntosh is born in Westmoreland, Jamaica.
       He will become a founding father of reggae music and be
       part of the song writing magic of the Wailers, Bob
       Marley's group. He will be better known as Peter Tosh.
       He will join the ancestors in September 11, 1987 after
       being shot during a robbery attempt.

1944 - The Navy announces that African American women would be
       allowed to become WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer
       Emergency Service).

1946 - The first exhibition of the work of Josef Nassy, an
       American citizen of Dutch-African descent, is held in
       Brussels.  The exhibit consists of 90 paintings and
       drawings Nassy created while in a Nazi-controlled
       internment camp during World War II.

1960 - Jennifer-Yvette Holiday is born in Riverside, Texas.
       She will become a singer and actress and will have her
       first big break as a star in the Broadway production
       of "Dream Girls" in 1981. She will later become a
       successful recording artist. She will be best known for
       her debut single, the Dreamgirls showstopper and Grammy
       Award-winning Rhythm & Blues/Pop hit, "And I Am Telling
       You I'm Not Going."

1960 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is arrested in an Atlanta,
       Georgia sit-in demonstration. John F. Kennedy, Democratic presidential candidate, called Mrs. Martin Luther King Jr. and expressed his concern about the imprisonment of Dr. King.

1981 - The Martin Luther King, Jr. Library and Archives opens
       in Atlanta, Georgia.  Founded by Coretta Scott King,
       the facility, is the largest repository in the world
       of primary resource material on Dr. Martin Luther
       King, Jr., nine major civil rights organizations, and
       the American civil rights movement.

1983 - Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop joins the
       ancestors after being assassinated after refusing to
       share leadership of the New Jewel Movement with his
       deputy, Bernard Coard.  This event will indirectly
       lead to the invasion of Grenada by the United States
       and six Caribbean nations.

1983 - The U.S. Senate approves the establishment of the
       Martin Luther King, Jr. federal holiday on the third
       Monday in January.

1988 - South African anti-apartheid leader, Walter Sisulu wins
       a $100,000 Human Rights prize.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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10/20
« Reply #53 on: October 21, 2011, 01:25:48 pm »
1893 – Kenya’s first president Jomo Kenyatta was born

1934 - Henry Dumas is born in Sweet Home, Arkansas. He will move
       to the village of Harlem in New York City at the age of
       ten. He will attend City College and then join the Air
       Force.  While in the Air Force he will spend a year on
       the Arabian Peninsula, where he will develop an interest
       in the Arabic language, mythology, and culture. He will
       be active in civil rights and humanitarian activities,
       including transporting food and clothing to protesters
       living in Mississippi and Tennessee. In 1967, he will
       work at Southern Illinois University as a teacher,
       counselor, and director of language workshops in its
       "Experiment in Higher Education" program. It is there
       where he meets Eugene Redmond, a fellow teacher in that
       program. He and Redmond will read their poetry at common
       gatherings; Redmond especially remembers him reading "Our
       King Is Dead," his elegy for Martin Luther King, Jr. He
       will also frequent the offices of the East St. Louis
       Monitor, which Redmond edits. He will inspire interest
       for his unique vision of black people in the diaspora.
       In many ways he will become a cultural icon in African
       American literary circles. He will claim Moms Mabley and
       gospel music as particular influences upon him. He will
       join the ancestors on May 23, 1968 at the age of 33 after
       being mistakenly shot and killed by a New York City
       Transit policeman. Over the course of the ten months that
       he lives in East St. Louis, he and Redmond will forge the
       collaborative relationship that would prove so fruitful
       to his posthumous Career. His literary legacy is kept
       alive almost single-handedly by Redmond.  His first
       collection of short fiction is entitled "Arks of Bones
       and Other Stories" (edited by Redmond in 1974), which
       includes nine stories and in which his largely mythic
       vision of African American existence is apparent.
       Redmond's commitment to making his work readily available
       to scholarly communities will continue in the publication
       of "Goodbye, Sweetwater" (1988) and "Knees of a Natural
       Man: The Selected Poetry of Henry Dumas" (1989). The
       first volume contains eight of the stories that first
       appeared in "Ark of Bones," along with excerpts from
       Dumas's unfinished novel, "Jonoah and the Green Stone"
       (1976), stories from "Rope of Wind" (1979), and three
       selections from "Goodbye Sweetwater." One of the stories
       in the final section is "Rain God," which develops the
       African American folk belief that, when it is raining and
       the sun is shining, the devil is beating his wife. Three
       young black boys literally witness this phenomenon as
       they are on their way home one rainy-sunny day. The
       second volume contains previously published as well as
       unpublished poems, including several poems with the title
       "Kef" and an accompanying number, and "Saba," with the
       same pattern. Some of the poems in "Knees" had appeared
       in "Play Ebony: Play Ivory" (1974), a collection of his
       poetry, which Redmond will edit singly in 1974 and which
       he co-edits in 1970. His poetry is inspired by African
       American music, particularly blues and jazz (he studied
       with Sun Ra), and he develops themes consistent with the
       Black Aesthetic of the 1960s. His poetry also focuses,
       in keeping with his fiction, on themes of nature and the
       natural world.

1953 – Jomo Kenyatta and five other Mau Mau leaders refuse to appeal their prison terms

1954 - Freeman Bosley, Jr., St. Louis' first African American
       mayor, is born in St. Louis, Missouri. He will attend
       Saint Louis University and Saint Louis University Law
       School. He will graduate from Saint Louis University in
       1976 with two undergraduate degrees, a B.A. in Urban
       Affairs and a B.A. in Political Science. He will receive
       his Juris Doctorate from Saint Louis University Law
       School in 1979. His public service career will begin
       when he becomes the first African American St. Louis
       Circuit Clerk for the 22nd Judicial Circuit - a position
       he will hold for ten years. He will serve as the 3rd
       Ward Democratic Committeeman, chairman of the St. Louis
       City Democratic Central Association, and the first
       African American chairman of the Democratic Party in St.
       Louis City. After winning the April 6, 1993 election
       with 66.5% of the vote, he will become the first African
       American Mayor of St. Louis. He will oversee the battle
       against the Flood of 1993, help to orchestrate the $70
       million bailout of Trans World Airlines and help to move
       the Los Angeles Rams football team to St. Louis from
       Anaheim, California. He will be defeated in his bid for
       re-election.

1967 - The first National Conference of Black Power opens in
       Newark, New Jersey.  The four-day meeting is attended
       by 1,100 African Americans.

1967 - A night of racially motivated disturbances occurs in
       Memphis, Tennessee.

1973 - The National Black Network begins operations.  It is the
       first African American owned and operated radio news
       network.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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12/23
« Reply #54 on: December 23, 2011, 05:38:48 pm »
1815 - Henry Highland Garnet is born in New Market, Maryland.
       He will become a noted clergyman and abolitionist.  He
       will also be the first African American to deliver a
       sermon before the House of Representatives.

1863 - Robert Blake, powder boy aboard the USS Marblehead, is
       the first African American to be awarded the Naval Medal
       of Honor "for conspicuous gallantry, extraordinary
       heroism, and intrepidity at the risk of his own life."
       The heroic action occurred during a victorious battle
       off the coast of South Carolina.

1867 – Business woman Sarah Breedlove aka Madam CJ Walker, arguably the first self made woman millionaire of any race in America and first black millionaire was born in Delta, LA. She invented and marketed Black hair care products. Contrary to popular belief, Walker never sold skin lightening products is born in Delta, Louisiana. Her hair-care, toiletry and cosmetics products revolutionized the standard of
beauty for African American women.  Her philanthropy and generosity made her a popular figure in the early 1900's. She started her business in Denver, CO which altered curling irons that were popularized by the French to suit the texture of Black womens hair.
1908 – Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. was born

1919 - Alice H. Parker patents the gas heating furnace.

1935 - Esther Mae Jones is born in Galveston, Texas.  She will
       begin her career as a blues singer at 13 as "Little"
       Esther Phillips, taking her name from a billboard for a
       gasoline company. Problems with drugs and alcohol will
       cause her to interrupt her career a number of times.
       She will record several memorable songs including "And
       I Love Him" and "Release Me."

1946 - The University of Tennessee refuses to play Duquesne
       University, because they may use an African American
       player in their basketball game.

1999 - President Clinton pardons Freddie Meeks, an African
       American sailor court-martialed for mutiny during World
       War II when he and other sailors refused to load live
       ammunition following a deadly explosion at the Port
       Chicago Naval Magazine near San Francisco that had
       claimed more than 300 lives.
2006 - DJ Carl Blaze died from multiple gunshot wounds on this day in 2006 , 2 weeks after being shot a dozen times outside a friend’s home in Manhattan , New York. Blaze , a fixture on New York’s Power 105.1 fm station , was born Carlos Rivera and was the apparent victim of a robbery.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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12/25
« Reply #55 on: December 25, 2011, 10:51:19 pm »
Ourstory 12/25

1760 - Jupiter Hammon, a New York slave who was probably the
       first African American poet, publishes "An Evening
       Thought:Salvation by Christ".

1776 - Oliver Cromwell and Prince Whipple are among soldiers who
       cross the Delaware River with George Washington to
       successfully attack the Hessians in Trenton, New Jersey,
       during the Revolutionary War.

1807 - Charles B. Ray is born in Falmouth, Massachusetts.  He
       will enter Wesleyan University in Connecticut and be
       forced to withdraw due to objections from northerners
       and southerners.  He will later become a prominent
       African American leader.

1837 - Cheyney University is established in Philadelphia,
       Pennsylvania. It will be first known as the "Institute
       for Colored Youth".  The school will be moved to George
       Cheyney's farm, 24 miles west of Philadelphia, in 1902.
       It will be renamed in 1913 to "The Cheyney Training
       School for Teachers."  Cheyney University of Pennsylvania
       is the first historically Black institution of learning
       in America.  It is also the first college in the United
       States to receive official state certification as an
       institution of higher academic education for African
       Americans.

1837 - Charles Lenox Remond begins his career as an antislavery
       agent. Remond will be one of the first African Americans
       employed as a lecturer by the antislavery movement.  He
       will work many years for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery
       Society.

1865 - Atlanta University in Atlanta, Georgia, Shaw University
       in Raleigh, North Carolina, and Virginia Union University
       in Richmond, Virginia are founded.

1875 - Charles Caldwell joins the ancestors after being
       assassinated in Clinton, Mississippi.  He was the first
       African American in the state of Mississippi to be accused
       of the murder of a white man and found "not guilty" by an
       all-white jury. He was later elected to the state senate.

1907 - Cabell "Cab" Calloway III is born in Rochester, New York. A
       versatile jazz bandleader and singer who will popularize
       scat singing, his song "Minnie the Moocher" will be the
       first million-selling jazz record.  Calloway will also
       appear in the movie "Porgy and Bess" as well as perform as
       a singer in the touring companies of "Porgy" and "Hello
       Dolly."  He will join the ancestors on November 18, 1994.

1951 - Harry T. Moore, a Florida NAACP official, joins the
       ancestors after being killed by a bomb in his home in Mims,
       Florida. Active in expanding the African American vote in
       Florida and in desegregating the University of Florida,
       Moore will be posthumously awarded the NAACP's Spingarn
       Medal in 1952.

1951 - The NAACP's Spingarn Medal is presented to Mabel K. Staupers
       for her leadership in the field of nursing.

1956 - The home of Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth, a Birmingham,
       Alabama protest leader, is destroyed by a dynamite bomb.

1959 - Michael P. Anderson is born in Plattsburgh, New York.  He
       will be raised in Spokane, Washington.  He will graduate
       from the University of Washington in 1981 and be
       commissioned a second lieutenant in the USAF. He will
       become Chief of Communication Maintenance for the 2015
       Communication Squadron and later be Director of
       Information System Maintenance for the 1920 Information
       System Group. In 1986 he will be selected to attend
       Undergraduate Pilot Training at Vance AFB, Oklahoma. He
       will serve as an aircraft commander and instructor pilot
       in the 920th Air Refueling Squadron, Wurtsmith AFB
       Michigan. He will be selected as an astronaut by NASA in
       December 1994, and will become qualified for flight crew
       assignment as a mission specialist. He will be initially
       assigned technical duties in the Flight Support Branch of
       the Astronaut Office. He will fly on the crew of STS-89
       (Shuttle Endeavour to Space Station Mir) and will log
       over 211 hours in space in 1998. Lt. Colonel Anderson
       will be assigned to the crew of STS-107 (Shuttle Columbia)
       and will join the ancestors when Columbia explodes during
       re-entry on February 1, 2003.

1965 - The Congress of Racial Equality announces that its national
       director, Dr. James Farmer, would resign on March 1.

2006 - James Brown, the dynamic "Godfather of Soul," whose
       revolutionary rhythms, rough voice and flashing footwork
       influenced generations of musicians from rock to rap,
       joined the ancestors early Christmas morning at the age of
       73. He had been hospitalized with pneumonia at Emory
       Crawford Long Hospital on 12/24 and succumbed to heart
       failure around 1:45 a.m. He was one of the major musical
       influences of the past 50 years. From Mick Jagger to
       Michael Jackson, David Bowie to Public Enemy, his rapid-
       footed dancing, hard-charging beats and heartfelt yet
       often unintelligible vocals changed the musical landscape.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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1/1
« Reply #56 on: January 01, 2012, 10:58:01 pm »
Ourstory 1/1
***********************************************************************
* The Nguzo Saba - The seven principles of Kwanzaa - Principle for    *
* Day #7 - Imani (ee-MAH-nee) Faith: To believe with all our hearts   *
* in our parents, our teachers, our leaders, our people and the       *
* righteousness and victory of our struggle.                          *
* http://www.endarkenment.com/kwanzaa/                                *
***********************************************************************

1788 - The Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves.

1804 – The island of Haiti became the first African-led nation in the world, as a result of revolution and achieved independence from France after the only successful slave rebellion in world history.

1808 - The slave trade is outlawed in the United States.  This stopped
       the legal importation of African slaves, but did not stop
       domestic trading in slaves.

1831 - William Lloyd Garrison publishes the first issue of "The
       Liberator" in Boston, Massachusetts.  The newspaper will become
       a major influence in the movement to abolish slavery in the
       United States.

1937 – Lou Stovall, artist and master printmaker is born in Athens, GA

1856 - Bridget "Biddy" Mason and her children are granted their freedom
       by the California courts.  After gaining her freedom, she will
       move to Los Angeles, where she will become a major landowner and
       be known for her philanthropy to the poor.

1863 - President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation,
       declaring freedom for slaves living in the states that joined
       the rebellion that will become known as the Civil War.

1900 - The British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria are
       established.

1916 - The first issue of the "Journal of Negro History" is published
       with Carter G. Woodson as editor. Since then, several other journals have explored the Global black experience, such as the Journal of African Civilizations.

1956 - Sudan becomes independent.

1958 – Legendary hip hop DJ pioneer Grandmaster Flash was born in Bridgetown, Barbados

1959 - Edmonia Lewis was born to a Chippewa mother and African father...given the indian name Wildfire. In the fall of 1859 she admiting in Oberlin College, and later studied sculpting privately with Edmund Brackett. Lewis became known for her busts of famous figures as Abraham Lincoln, Longfellow and John Brown. Her Staue 'The Death of Cleopatra', received critical acclaim. Most popular was her "Forever Free..depicting African American man and woman removing their shackles.

1959 - Chad becomes an autonomous republic within the French Community.

1960 - Cameroon gains independence from France.

1962 - Rwanda is granted internal self-government by Belgium.

1964 - The Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland is dissolved.

1973 - The West African Economic Community is formed with Benin, Ivory
       Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, and Upper Volta as
       members.

1986 - Aruba becomes an independent part of Kingdom of the Netherlands.

1990 - David Dinkins is sworn in as first African American mayor of
       New York City.

1997 - The former prison for Nelson Mandela and many other South Africans is turned in to a museum at Robben Island.

1997 - Kofi Annan of Ghana becomes first black secretary of United Nations.

2005 - Shirley Chisholm, an advocate for minority rights who became the
       first African American woman elected to Congress and later the
       first African American to seek a major party's nomination for
       the U.S. presidency, joins the ancestors at the age of 80.  The
       Rev. Jesse Jackson calls her a "woman of great courage."
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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Re: Ourstory
« Reply #57 on: January 06, 2012, 11:12:22 am »
1773 - "Felix," a Boston slave, and others petition Massachusetts
       Governor Hutchinson for their freedom.  It is the first of
       a record eight similar petitions filed during the
       Revolutionary War.

1831 - The World Anti-Slavery Convention opens in London, England.

1832 - William Lloyd Garrison founds the New England Anti-Slavery
       Society at the African Meeting House in Boston,
       Massachusetts, where he issues the society's "Declaration
       of Sentiments" from the Meeting House pulpit.

1882 - Thomas Boyne receives the Congressional Medal of Honor for
       bravery in two New Mexico battles while a sergeant in Troop
       C, 9th U.S. Calvary.

1906 - Benedict Wallet Vilakazi is born in South Africa.  He will
       become a pre-apartheid Zulu poet, novelist, and educator.
       In 1946, he will become the first Black South African to
       receive a Ph.D. He will become the first Black South African
       to teach white South Africans at the university level. He
       will join the ancestors on October 26, 1947 after succumbing
       to meningitis.

1937 - Doris Payne is born in Bronx, New York. She will become a
       rhythm and blues singer better known as Doris Troy and best
       known for her song "Just One Look." She will also be known
       as "Mama Soul." "Mama, I Want To Sing" will be a stage
       musical based on her life, and co-written with her sister,
       Vy. It will run for 1,500 performances at the Heckscher
       Theatre in Harlem. She will play the part of her own mother,
       Geraldine. She will join the ancestors on February 16, 2004,
       succumbing to emphysema.

1961 - The "jail-in" movement starts in Rock Hill, S.C. when arrested students demand jail rather than fines.

1968 - John Daniel Singleton is born in Los Angeles, California.
       He will become an Academy Award-nominated film  director,
       screenwriter, and producer. His movies will depict his
       native South Los Angeles with both its sweet and violent
       sides given equal consideration. He will attend Pasadena
       City College and the University of Southern California.
       He will receive many distinctions, beginning during his
       time as an undergraduate screenwriter at the University
       of Southern California's School of Cinematic Arts,
       including nominations for Best Screenplay and Director for
       "Boyz N the Hood." He will be the youngest person ever
       nominated for Best Director at the 1991 Academy Awards for
       "Boyz N the Hood" and the first (and, to date, the only)
       African American to be nominated for the award.

1971 - Cecil A. Partee is elected president pro tem of the Illinois
       State Senate.  He is the first African American to hold this
       position.

1971 – The Dance Theater of Harlem, an All-African American ballet company, was founded, 1971

1984 - Pennsylvania Supreme Court Justice Robert N.C. Nix, Jr., is
       inaugurated as Chief Justice.  The Philadelphia native,
       former deputy attorney general of the state, and thirteen-
       year veteran of the Court, is the first African American to
       head a state Supreme Court.

1989 - Elizabeth Koontz joins the ancestors at the age of 69.  She
       was a noted educator and the first African American
       president of the National Education Association.  She also
       had been director of the Women's Bureau in the U.S.
       Department of Labor.

1993 - Jazz great, John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie, joins the ancestors
       in Englewood, New Jersey at the age of 76.  He had played
       actively until early 1992.

1996 – Recycling Black Dollars, an organization of black businesses, campaigns for “Change Bank Day” to benefit black-owned financial institutions.

2003 - Mamie Till Mobley, mother of lynched Emmett Till dies at age 81. Her insistance that her son's casket remain open helped spur the civil rights movement.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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1/7
« Reply #58 on: January 07, 2012, 11:13:53 pm »
1822 - A colony of free African Americans sent to Africa by the
       American Colonization Society, is established on the west
       coast of Africa. It is the beginning of the African American
       colonization of Liberia. This colony will become the
       independent nation of Liberia in 1847.

1868 - The Mississippi constitutional convention convenes in Jackson.
       It is attended by seventeen African Americans and eighty-three
       whites.

1868 - The Arkansas constitutional convention convenes in Little Rock.
       It is attended by eight African Americans and forty-three
       whites.

1890 - William B. Purvis is awarded patent #419,065 for the fountain
       pen.

1891 - Zora Neale Hurston, who will become a brilliant folklorist,
       novelist, and short story writer, is born in Notasulga,
       Alabama. For reasons known only to her, she will claim 1901 as
       her birth year and the all-Black town of Eatonville, Florida as
       her birthplace. She will be one of the more influential writers
       of the Harlem Renaissance, known for her novel "Their Eyes Were
       Watching God" and her folklore collections, including "Of Mules
       and Men." She will join the ancestors on January 28, 1960.

1892 - A mine explosion kills 100 in Krebs, Oklahoma.  African
       Americans trying to help rescue white survivors, are driven
       away at gunpoint.

1950 - The James Weldon Johnson Collection officially opens at Yale
       University.  Established in 1941 through a gift by Grace Nail
       Johnson, widow of the famed author, diplomat and NAACP
       official, the collection will eventually include the papers of
       Johnson, Langston Hughes, W.E.B. Dubois, Richard Wright, Jean
       Toomer, Zora Neale Hurston, and many other writers of the
       Harlem Renaissance.

1964 - The Bahamas achieve internal self-government & cabinet level
       responsibility.

1986 - White teens in Howard Beach chased Michael Griffith, an African-American youth, onto a freeway where he was hit by a motorist. Griffith died from his injuries setting off a wave of protests and racial tensions in New York.

1997 – Former South African president Pieter W. Botha is prosecuted for refusing to appear before the nation’s truth commission.

2002 - Shirley Franklin is sworn in as the first African American Mayor of Atlanta and the only African American female mayor of a major American city.

2003 - Thurgood Marshall, a famed civil rights lawyer and U.S. Supreme
       Court Justice, is honored by the United States Postal Service
       with the 26th stamp issuance in the Black Heritage
       Commemorative Series.
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali

Offline True Father Sankofa

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Re: Ourstory
« Reply #59 on: January 08, 2012, 02:02:37 am »
Black people are the Original people of the planet. DNA evidence proves that all humans today came from a group of Blacks who traveled and settled the globe 50,000 years ago.

All of the elements of civilization first began in Africa, including religion, art, science, government, mining, writing, music, mathematics, architecture, engineering, and agriculture.

Before Greece, Rome or Europe was ever established, there were multiple Black civilizations throughout the world, already thousands of years old.

Blacks started compulsory education. Even stone workers in ancient Egypt learned to read, and education was made mandatory by the Moors, while 90% of Europe was illiterate, including the royalty.

Blacks started libraries. The ancient Egyptians created paper about 4000 BC, which library storage easier. Over 700,000 books were in the libraries of Egypt before Homer, the father of Western literature, was even born.

The earliest mathematical device found to date is the Lebombo bone of southern Africa. It is about 37,000 years old and appears to be a lunar calendar.

For more jewels like this cop the 365 Days of REAL Black History calendar by Supreme Design Publishing
http://www.supremedesignonline.com/blackhistory365.html
"Don't count the days, make the days count"-Muhammad Ali